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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Halli XI Fl 4II

Russell Poole (ed.) 2009, ‘Halli stirði, Flokkr 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 341-2.

Halli stirðiFlokkr
345

hátt ‘loudly’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

[1] hátt: ‘hátr’ E, hitt H, Hr

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es ‘when’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[1] es (‘er’): ok E

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hvartveggja ‘of both parties’

hvárrtveggi (pron.): both

notes

[4] hvartveggja ‘of both parties’: This is an adv. here (see LP: hvartveggja).

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angra ‘offend’

angra (verb; °-að-): anger, trouble

[3] angra: angrar H, Hr

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fyrða ‘people’

2. fyrðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -): man

[3] fyrða: fyrðar 39

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allmjǫk ‘very greatly’

allmjǫk (adv.): very much

[4] allmjǫk: all mǫrg E, H, Hr

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Láta ‘accede’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[5] Láta: jata Hr

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es ‘who’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[5] es (‘er’): ef E

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þræta ‘wrangle’

2. þræta (verb): argue

[5] þræta: þetta F, þreyta H, þrænda Hr

notes

[5] þræta ‘wrangle’: The alternative reading, þreyta ‘pursue, persist, persevere’ (so H), with connotations of strenuousness (cf. CVC: þreyta), also makes sense but has only isolated ms. support. But since þræta seems marginally the more obvious of the two words, there is an outside chance that here H has preserved a lectio difficilior that has been smoothed out in the rest of the paradosis.

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allt ‘the whole’

allr (adj.): all

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gegnum ‘through’

gegnum (prep.): through

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svellr ‘builds up’

1. svella (verb): swell

notes

[7] ofrhugi svellr jǫfrum ‘rashness builds up in the kings’: This criticism is reminiscent of Byrhtnoð’s ofermōd ‘pride, insolence’ in The Battle of Maldon (ll. 89-90) and may represent an instance of late Viking Age skaldic poets emulating annalists of the period (Jesch 2005, 198-9). See also Note to Arn Hardr 12/1.

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ofr ‘rashness’

ofr (noun n.): high, rashness, over- < ofrhugi (noun m.): recklessness

[7] ofr‑: of F

notes

[7] ofrhugi svellr jǫfrum ‘rashness builds up in the kings’: This criticism is reminiscent of Byrhtnoð’s ofermōd ‘pride, insolence’ in The Battle of Maldon (ll. 89-90) and may represent an instance of late Viking Age skaldic poets emulating annalists of the period (Jesch 2005, 198-9). See also Note to Arn Hardr 12/1.

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hugi ‘’

hugi (noun m.; °-a): courage, thought < ofrhugi (noun m.): recklessness

[7] ‑hugi: huginn Hr

notes

[7] ofrhugi svellr jǫfrum ‘rashness builds up in the kings’: This criticism is reminiscent of Byrhtnoð’s ofermōd ‘pride, insolence’ in The Battle of Maldon (ll. 89-90) and may represent an instance of late Viking Age skaldic poets emulating annalists of the period (Jesch 2005, 198-9). See also Note to Arn Hardr 12/1.

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jǫfrum ‘in the kings’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[7] jǫfrum: ǫllu H, Hr

notes

[7] ofrhugi svellr jǫfrum ‘rashness builds up in the kings’: This criticism is reminiscent of Byrhtnoð’s ofermōd ‘pride, insolence’ in The Battle of Maldon (ll. 89-90) and may represent an instance of late Viking Age skaldic poets emulating annalists of the period (Jesch 2005, 198-9). See also Note to Arn Hardr 12/1.

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eigi ‘not at all’

3. eigi (adv.): not

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sôttum ‘terms of settlement’

sátt (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): settlement

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Hkr prefaces sts 4-5 as follows (ÍF 28, 160): En er konungarnir fundusk, tóku menn at rœða um sættir konunganna, en þegar þat var í munni haft, þá kærðu margir skaða sinn, er fengit hǫfðu af hernaði, rán ok mannalát. Var þat langa hríð, svá sem hér segir ‘And when the kings met, men commenced discussing terms of reconciliation between the kings. But as soon as the topic was broached many complained about the harm they had incurred from raiding, plundering and killing. That continued for a long time, as is stated here’. H-Hr has essentially the same account (Fms 6, 332).

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