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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Glúmr Gráf 5I

Alison Finlay (ed.) 2012, ‘Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 254.

Glúmr GeirasonGráfeldardrápa

text and translation

Hilmir rauð und hjalmi
heina laut á Gautum;
þar varð í gný geira
grundar vǫrðr of fundinn.

Hilmir rauð {laut heina} á Gautum und hjalmi; þar varð {vǫrðr grundar} of fundinn í {gný geira}.
‘The king reddened the dell of whetstones [SWORD] on the Gautar, wearing a helmet; there the guardian of ground [RULER = Haraldr] was to be found in the din of spears [BATTLE].

notes and context

The stanza is included among four that illustrate kennings for ‘king’, in this case vǫrðr lands ‘guardian of land’. The first two lines are repeated in most mss at a point where heiti for kings (here hilmir) are exemplified.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Glúmr Geirason, 2. Gráfeldardrápa 4: AI, 76, BI, 66, Skald I, 41SnE 1848-87, I, 452-3, 518-9, II, 335, 342, 606; SnE 1931, 160, 182, SnE 1998, I, 79, 102, 203, 220. 


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