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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Glúmr Gráf 6I

Alison Finlay (ed.) 2012, ‘Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa 6’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 255.

Glúmr GeirasonGráfeldardrápa
567

text and translation

Austr rauð jǫfra þrýstir
orðrakkr fyr bý norðan
brand, þars bjarmskar kindir,
brinnanda, sák rinna.
Gótt hlaut gumna sættir
(geirveðr) í fǫr þeiri
(ǫðlingi fekksk ungum)
orð (á Vínu borði).

{Orðrakkr þrýstir jǫfra} rauð brinnanda brand austr fyr norðan bý, þars sák bjarmskar kindir rinna. {Sættir gumna} hlaut gótt orð í þeiri fǫr; {geirveðr} fekksk ungum ǫðlingi á borði Vínu.
 
‘The word-bold crusher of princes [KING = Haraldr] reddened the flashing sword in the east, north of the settlement, where I saw Permian people flee. The reconciler of men [KING = Haraldr] gained a good reputation on that expedition; a spear-storm [BATTLE] was granted to the young prince on the banks of the Dvina.

notes and context

Haraldr makes a raid on Bjarmaland (Permia), wins a battle on the banks of the Vína (River Dvina) and subsequently plunders the country widely.

[5-8]: The construal here agrees with Skj B and ÍF 26, since it is more natural to take orð ‘reputation’ (l. 8) as the object of hlaut ‘gained’ (l. 5) than geirveðr ‘spear-storm’, as Kock (NN §258) suggests. It entails assuming that the finite verb fekksk ‘was granted’ is preceded by its subject and indirect object and hence, abnormally, is not in second position in the clause (cf. Kuhn 1983, 195).

readings

sources

Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Glúmr Geirason, 2. Gráfeldardrápa 5: AI, 76, BI, 66-7, Skald I, 41NN §§258, 2739, 2987B; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 248, IV, 69, ÍF 26, 217-18, Hkr 1991, I, 145 (HGráf ch. 14), F 1871, 93-4; Fms 1, 63Fms 12, 33, ÓT 1958-2000, I, 64 (ch. 40).

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