skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Gamlkan Has 10VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 10’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 82.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
91011

Þinn ‘your’

þinn (pron.; °f. þín, n. þitt): your

[1] Þinn: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘Þí[...]’ B

Close

hefir ‘has’

hafa (verb): have

Close

þunglig ‘heavy’

þungligr (adj.): [heavy]

Close

fœrir ‘removes’

2. fœra (verb): bring

Close

mjǫk ‘a lot’

mjǫk (adv.): very, much

[2] mjǫk: mik B

notes

[2] mjǫk ‘very’: Sveinbjörn Egilsson (note to 444ˣ transcript and 1844 edn) suggests emendation of B’s mik to mjǫk, which has been adopted by all subsequent eds.

Close

synðugr ‘sinful’

synðugr (adj.): sinful

Close

sól ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun < sóltjald (noun n.): [sun-awnings]

kennings

Konungr sóltjalds,
‘King of the sun-tent, ’
   = God

the sun-tent, → SKY/HEAVEN
King of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

sól ‘of the sun’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun < sóltjald (noun n.): [sun-awnings]

kennings

Konungr sóltjalds,
‘King of the sun-tent, ’
   = God

the sun-tent, → SKY/HEAVEN
King of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

tjalds ‘tent’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning < sóltjald (noun n.): [sun-awnings]

kennings

Konungr sóltjalds,
‘King of the sun-tent, ’
   = God

the sun-tent, → SKY/HEAVEN
King of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

tjalds ‘tent’

tjald (noun n.; °-s; *-): tent, awning < sóltjald (noun n.): [sun-awnings]

kennings

Konungr sóltjalds,
‘King of the sun-tent, ’
   = God

the sun-tent, → SKY/HEAVEN
King of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

konungr ‘King’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king

kennings

Konungr sóltjalds,
‘King of the sun-tent, ’
   = God

the sun-tent, → SKY/HEAVEN
King of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

mart ‘many things’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

Close

spillti ‘had a corrupting effect’

spilla (verb): destroy

Close

mætr ‘excellent’

mætr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): honoured, respected

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

vissir ‘you knew’

1. vita (verb): know

Close

gætir ‘keeper’

gætir (noun m.): guardian

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

ranns ‘of the house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

ranns ‘of the house’

rann (noun n.): house, hall

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

rǫðuls ‘of the sun’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

rǫðuls ‘of the sun’

rǫðull (noun m.; °dat. rǫðli): heavenly body

kennings

mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls.
‘excellent keeper of the house of the sun.’
   = God

the house of the sun. → SKY/HEAVEN
excellent keeper of the SKY/HEAVEN → God

notes

[6, 7, 8] mætr gætir ranns rǫðuls ‘excellent warden of the house of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. ítrrítar ranns éla ‘glorious … of the shield of the house of storms’ in 26/3 and rǫðuls ‘dwelling of the sun’ at 59/3-4. Heaven-kennings on the same models occur frequently in C12th Christian drápur.

Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close

Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.