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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Edáð Banddr 1I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyjólfr dáðaskáld, Bandadrápa 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 456.

Eyjólfr dáðaskáldBandadrápa
12

Meita ‘of Meiti’

Meiti (noun m.): Meiti

kennings

móti Meita
‘an encounter of Meiti ’
   = BATTLE

an encounter of Meiti → BATTLE
Close

móti ‘an encounter’

1. mót (noun n.; °; -): meeting

kennings

móti Meita
‘an encounter of Meiti ’
   = BATTLE

an encounter of Meiti → BATTLE
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mjǫk ‘very’

mjǫk (adv.): very, much

notes

[2] mjǫk síð of dag ‘very late in the day’: If, as stated in Hkr and Fsk, the battle took place in early spring, it might have been fought under cover of darkness.

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síð ‘late’

2. síð (adv.): late

notes

[2] mjǫk síð of dag ‘very late in the day’: If, as stated in Hkr and Fsk, the battle took place in early spring, it might have been fought under cover of darkness.

Close

of ‘in’

3. of (prep.): around, from; too

notes

[2] mjǫk síð of dag ‘very late in the day’: If, as stated in Hkr and Fsk, the battle took place in early spring, it might have been fought under cover of darkness.

Close

dag ‘day’

dagr (noun m.; °-s, dat. degi/dag/dagi(Thom¹ 332¹‡n.); -ar): day

notes

[2] mjǫk síð of dag ‘very late in the day’: If, as stated in Hkr and Fsk, the battle took place in early spring, it might have been fought under cover of darkness.

Close

skíði ‘on the ski’

skíð (noun n.; °; -): ski

[2] skíði: ‘skiþ(a)’(?) R

kennings

skíði útvers
‘on the ski of the fishing ground ’
   = SHIP

on the ski of the fishing ground → SHIP
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ungr ‘[When] young’

ungr (adj.): young

Close

með ‘with’

með (prep.): with

notes

[3] með jǫfnu gengi ‘with an equal following’: The implication may be that, although young, Eiríkr is popular and able to muster as much support as a more seasoned magnate. Fsk states (perhaps extrapolating from the stanza) that Eiríkr was outnumbered in his earlier jockeying for position with Skopti.

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jǫfnu ‘equal’

jafn (adj.; °comp. -ari, superl. -astr): even, just

notes

[3] með jǫfnu gengi ‘with an equal following’: The implication may be that, although young, Eiríkr is popular and able to muster as much support as a more seasoned magnate. Fsk states (perhaps extrapolating from the stanza) that Eiríkr was outnumbered in his earlier jockeying for position with Skopti.

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gengi ‘a following’

gengi (noun n.): support, following

notes

[3] með jǫfnu gengi ‘with an equal following’: The implication may be that, although young, Eiríkr is popular and able to muster as much support as a more seasoned magnate. Fsk states (perhaps extrapolating from the stanza) that Eiríkr was outnumbered in his earlier jockeying for position with Skopti.

Close

út ‘of the fishing’

út (adv.): out(side) < útver (noun n.): [fishing-stations]út (adv.): out(side)

kennings

skíði útvers
‘on the ski of the fishing ground ’
   = SHIP

on the ski of the fishing ground → SHIP
Close

vers ‘ground’

2. ver (noun n.): [ground, coverlet] < útver (noun n.): [fishing-stations]

[4] ‑vers: ‘vars’ J1ˣ, ver U

kennings

skíði útvers
‘on the ski of the fishing ground ’
   = SHIP

on the ski of the fishing ground → SHIP
Close

formum ‘’

Close

þás ‘when’

þás (conj.): when

Close

rauðvita ‘’

rauðviti (noun m.)

Close

riðloga ‘of the swinging flame’

riðlogi (noun m.): [swinging flame]

[5] riðloga: rauðvita FskBˣ, FskAˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr

notes

[5] riðloga ‘of the swinging flame’: The Fsk reading rauðvita ‘of red beacon-fire’ makes good sense, since together with the determinant ‘shield’ it would yield a satisfactory kenning for ‘sword’. Nonetheless, riðloga, the reading of the Hkr mss, has better claims, as the lectio difficilior.

Close

riðloga ‘of the swinging flame’

riðlogi (noun m.): [swinging flame]

[5] riðloga: rauðvita FskBˣ, FskAˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr

notes

[5] riðloga ‘of the swinging flame’: The Fsk reading rauðvita ‘of red beacon-fire’ makes good sense, since together with the determinant ‘shield’ it would yield a satisfactory kenning for ‘sword’. Nonetheless, riðloga, the reading of the Hkr mss, has better claims, as the lectio difficilior.

Close

rꝍyddir ‘’

Close

reiðir ‘the brandisher’

3. reiðir (noun m.): [brandisher]

[5] reiðir: reið J1ˣ, ‘rꝍydder’ FskAˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

ramu ‘’

Close

rand ‘of the rim’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim < randvǫllr (noun m.)

[6] rand‑: rann J1ˣ, FskAˣ, ‘ramu’ FskBˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

rand ‘of the rim’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim < randvǫllr (noun m.)

[6] rand‑: rann J1ˣ, FskAˣ, ‘ramu’ FskBˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

rand ‘of the rim’

rǫnd (noun f.; °dat. -/-u; rendr/randir): shield, shield-rim < randvǫllr (noun m.)

[6] rand‑: rann J1ˣ, FskAˣ, ‘ramu’ FskBˣ

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

vallar ‘plain’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < randvǫllr (noun m.)vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < rannvǫllr (noun m.): hall-plainvǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

[6] ‑vallar: ‘‑vallr’ J1ˣ, 325VIII 1

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

vallar ‘plain’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < randvǫllr (noun m.)vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < rannvǫllr (noun m.): hall-plainvǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

[6] ‑vallar: ‘‑vallr’ J1ˣ, 325VIII 1

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

vallar ‘plain’

vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < randvǫllr (noun m.)vǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field < rannvǫllr (noun m.): hall-plainvǫllr (noun m.; °vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli): plain, field

[6] ‑vallar: ‘‑vallr’ J1ˣ, 325VIII 1

kennings

reiðir riðloga randvallar
‘the brandisher of the swinging flame of the rim-plain ’
   = WARRIOR = Eiríkr

the rim-plain → SHIELD
the swinging flame of the SHIELD → SWORD
the brandisher of the SWORD → WARRIOR = Eiríkr
Close

lét ‘caused’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

notes

[6, 8] lét Skopta falla ‘caused Skopti to fall’: Whether Eiríkr personally slew Skopti is unclear. Fsk allows of this interpretation, but the phrasing in Hkr (ÍF 26, 249), þar fell Skopti ‘Skopti fell there’, avoids the question of agency. On Skopti, see Context.

Close

falla ‘to fall’

falla (verb): fall

notes

[6, 8] lét Skopta falla ‘caused Skopti to fall’: Whether Eiríkr personally slew Skopti is unclear. Fsk allows of this interpretation, but the phrasing in Hkr (ÍF 26, 249), þar fell Skopti ‘Skopti fell there’, avoids the question of agency. On Skopti, see Context.

Close

teitir ‘gladdener’

teitir (noun m.): gladdener < ulfteitir (noun m.)

[7] ‑teitir: ‑réttir J1ˣ, ‑reiðir 325VIII 1

kennings

ulfteitir
‘the wolf-gladdener ’
   = WARRIOR

the wolf-gladdener → WARRIOR
Close

gaf ‘gave’

gefa (verb): give

[7] gaf: fekk F, 325VIII 1

Close

opt ‘often’

opt (adv.): often

Close

blóð ‘the blood’

blóð (noun n.; °-s): blood < blóðvalr (noun m.): [blood-falcons]

kennings

blóðvǫlum
‘the blood-falcons ’
   = RAVENS/EAGLES

the blood-falcons → RAVENS/EAGLES
Close

vǫlum ‘falcons’

2. valr (noun m.; °-s): falcon < blóðvalr (noun m.): [blood-falcons]

kennings

blóðvǫlum
‘the blood-falcons ’
   = RAVENS/EAGLES

the blood-falcons → RAVENS/EAGLES
Close

Skopta ‘Skopti’

skopti (noun m.): skopti

notes

[6, 8] lét Skopta falla ‘caused Skopti to fall’: Whether Eiríkr personally slew Skopti is unclear. Fsk allows of this interpretation, but the phrasing in Hkr (ÍF 26, 249), þar fell Skopti ‘Skopti fell there’, avoids the question of agency. On Skopti, see Context.

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In Fsk and Hkr, st. 1 is preceded by a description of Eiríkr’s first recorded exploit, at age ten or eleven. Rivalry develops between him and Tíðenda-Skopti (‘News-Skopti’), son-in-law of his father Hákon jarl Sigurðarson. Hákon rebukes Eiríkr for trying to take over Skopti’s mooring place. The following year, Eiríkr brings a ship to meet Skopti as he travels from one estate to another and in the ensuing battle kills him (see Note to l. 6). In SnE (Skm), the first helmingr is cited to illustrate the use of skíð ‘ski’ in ship-kennings.

The stanza is cited explicitly from Banddr in Hkr, and from ‘the poem (kvæði) that Eyjólfr dáðaskáld composed about Eiríkr’ in Fsk. — [1-4]: (a) The construal adopted here (as also in ÍF 26) gives the most straightforward word order and the most regular kenning structure; the battle-kenning mót Meita is directly paralleled in HÁsbj Lv 1/5V (Dpl 1). A minor drawback is that in taking frǫmum hersi as a comp. with jǫfnu gengi a slight ellipsis is assumed: ‘with a following equal to [that of] the noble hersir’. (b) The main alternative is to read (in prose order): Ungr fór með jǫfnu gengi skíði útvers Meita mjǫk síð of dag útvers at móti frǫmum hersi ‘[When] young he went with an equal following on the ski of the fishing ground of Meiti <sea-king> [SEA > SHIP] very late in the day to an encounter with the noble hersir’ (so Hkr 1893-1901, IV; Skj B). Here, útvers ‘of the fishing ground’ is pleonastic in that skíð Meita ‘ski of Meiti’ already forms a ship-kenning. Other explanations of útvers are possible: (c) Kock (NN §550) combines útvers with hersi, hence ‘lord of the fishing-ground’ (referring to Skopti). (d) Útvers could be construed as gen. of direction, ‘to the fishing-ground’ (see Poole 2004, 129). Guðbrandur Vígfússon (CPB II, 51, 570) similarly took útvers as an adverbial gen. of place, but as a p. n., ‘at Útver’, explaining Útver as an island off Sogn. — [1]: Evidently an emulation of Eskál Vell 22/1 (de Vries 1964-7, I, 183).

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