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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 1VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 1’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 529-30.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
12

Jöfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

Jöfurr aldar,
‘May the prince of men, ’
   = God

May the prince of men, → God

notes

[1] jöfurr ‘prince’: The kenning jöfurr aldar ‘prince of men’ could refer to Christ, but the cl. sá er skóp þjóð ‘who created people’ indicates that it refers to God. — [1, 4] jöfurr aldar: The poet asks that God provide the first words of the poem, thus linking it to John I.1: In principio erat Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum et Deus erat Verbum ‘In the beginning was the word: and the word was with God: and the word was God’.

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Jöfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

kennings

Jöfurr aldar,
‘May the prince of men, ’
   = God

May the prince of men, → God

notes

[1] jöfurr ‘prince’: The kenning jöfurr aldar ‘prince of men’ could refer to Christ, but the cl. sá er skóp þjóð ‘who created people’ indicates that it refers to God. — [1, 4] jöfurr aldar: The poet asks that God provide the first words of the poem, thus linking it to John I.1: In principio erat Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum et Deus erat Verbum ‘In the beginning was the word: and the word was with God: and the word was God’.

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giefi ‘provide’

gefa (verb): give

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upphaf ‘the beginning’

upphaf (noun n.): beginning

notes

[1] upphaf ‘the beginning’: A technical term in skaldic parlance for the first part of a poem; if the poem had a refrain, which this one does not, the term referred to the sts from 1 to the first refrain.

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óðar ‘of the poem’

1. óðr (noun m.): poem

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skóp ‘created’

2. skapa (verb): form

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verðr ‘there will be’

1. verða (verb): become, be

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aldar ‘of men’

ǫld (noun f.; °; aldir): people, age

kennings

Jöfurr aldar,
‘May the prince of men, ’
   = God

May the prince of men, → God

notes

[1, 4] jöfurr aldar: The poet asks that God provide the first words of the poem, thus linking it to John I.1: In principio erat Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum et Deus erat Verbum ‘In the beginning was the word: and the word was with God: and the word was God’.

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Æsta ‘to ask’

æsta (verb): ask, request

[5] Æsta: Ásta 721

notes

[5] æsta ‘ask’: Jón Sigurðsson suggested the reading ‘æsta’ in the margin of 399a-bˣ. Jón Helgason adopted the reading in his edn. The verb æsta is cognate with ást ‘love’ (LP: æsta).

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Krist ‘Christ’

Kristr (noun m.; °-s/-, dat. -i; -ar): Christ

notes

[5] Krist ‘Christ’: Jón Helgason emended to trausts, but that is not necessary. By naming the second person of the Trinity, the poet indicates that he is turning his prayer to Christ in the second helmingr.

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gramr ‘king’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
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hreinn ‘pure’

2. hreinn (adj.; °compar. hreinari/hreinni, superl. hreinastr/hreinstr): pure

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’s’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

sólar ‘of the sun’s’

sól (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir): sun

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

salar ‘hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

salar ‘hall’

1. salr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; dat. sǫlum): hall

kennings

hreinn gramr sólar salar,
‘pure king of the sun’s hall, ’
   = God

the sun’s hall, → SKY/HEAVEN
pure king of the SKY/HEAVEN → God
Close

hvað ‘what’

hvat (pron.): what

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