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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Harkv 15I

R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 15’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 109.

Þorbjǫrn hornklofiHaraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál)

text and translation

‘Hversu es fégjafall,         þeim es fold verja,
ítr* ógnflýtir         við íþróttarmenn sína?’

‘Hversu es fégjafall, þeim es verja fold, {ítr* ógnflýtir} við íþróttarmenn sína?’
‘‘How generous is [he] to those who guard [his] land, the excellent war-hastener [WARRIOR] to his men of skills?’

notes and context

In Fsk, this and the following five stanzas are offered in support of the observation that Haraldr was a generous king.

The valkyrie begins a new series of questions to the raven. Finnur Jónsson’s suggestion (LH I, 429 n. 1) that here the raven becomes the questioner and the valkyrie the respondent seems unlikely, given the address to the raven in st. 20/2, and the fact that it is the raven who has followed Haraldr since birth (see st. 4/5-8) and thus can provide information about his court.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þórbjǫrn hornklofi, 2. Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 15: AI, 27, BI, 24, Skald I, 15, FF §56; Fsk 1902-3, 9, ÍF 29, 61-2 (ch. 2); Möbius 1860, 230, Jón Helgason 1946, 137, Jón Helgason 1968, 19.


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