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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Knútdr 11I

Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Knútsdrápa 11’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 663.

Sigvatr ÞórðarsonKnútsdrápa
1011

mun ‘will’

munu (verb): will, must

[1] mun: mann FskAˣ

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fár ‘Few’

3. fár (adj.; °compar. fǽrri/fárri(Mág² 11ˆ), superl. fǽstr): few

[1] fár: ‘farr’ FskAˣ

kennings

Fár hringdrífr
‘Few ring-distributors ’
   = GENEROUS RULERS

Few ring-distributors → GENEROUS RULERS

notes

[1] fár ‘few’: As with fæst ‘minimal’ in st. 9/6, fár may here be a litotes for ‘none at all’. The noun (hringdrífr ‘ring-distributor’) and verb (mun ‘will’) are both sg.

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feril ‘the route’

ferill (noun m.; °dat. ferli): route, track

[1] feril: so FskAˣ, ferill all others

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metinn ‘measured’

2. meta (verb): measure, value, assess

notes

[2] metinn ‘measured’: Hofmann (1955, 92-3) suggests influence here from OE metan ‘to measure, traverse’: ‘to traverse’ is a meaning distinctive to poetry in OE (see e.g. Beowulf ll. 514, 917, 1633, Beowulf 2008, 20, 32, 55).

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hring ‘ring’

1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword < hringdrífr (noun m.): [ring-distributors]

kennings

Fár hringdrífr
‘Few ring-distributors ’
   = GENEROUS RULERS

Few ring-distributors → GENEROUS RULERS
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drífr ‘distributors’

1. drífr (noun m.): [strewer] < hringdrífr (noun m.): [ring-distributors]

kennings

Fár hringdrífr
‘Few ring-distributors ’
   = GENEROUS RULERS

Few ring-distributors → GENEROUS RULERS
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hafa ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The stanza is quoted (in Fsk immediately after st. 10) as part of an account of Knútr’s pilgrimage to Rome.

[8]: The line completes the klofastef ‘split refrain’; see Note to st. 3/1.

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