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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Ill Har 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 282-3.

Illugi bryndœlaskáldPoem about Haraldr harðráði
12

munr ‘the pleasure’

munr (noun m.; °-ar/-s, dat. -/-i; -ir, acc. -i): mind, pleasure

[1] munr: munnr Tˣ, A, B, papp10ˣ, 2368ˣ, 743ˣ, muðr U, C

notes

[1] munr (m. nom. sg.) ‘pleasure’: The variants munnr (or muðr) ‘mouth’ (so , U, A, B, C, 743ˣ) and þars ‘there where’ (so U, A, B, 743ˣ) give a less preferable reading of ll. 1 and 4: munnr (or muðr) vargs vas, þars dróttinn minn rak margan flótta ‘the mouth of the wolf was there where my lord put many to flight’.

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þats ‘that’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

[1] þats (‘þat er’): þar er U, A, B, 2368ˣ, 743ˣ, þá er C, þar papp10ˣ

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men ‘the necklace’

2. men (noun n.; °; dat. menjum): neck-ring < menskerðir (noun m.): necklace-diminisher

[2] menskerðir: ‘men[…]ðir’ B

kennings

menskerðir
‘the necklace-diminisher ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Sigurðr

the necklace-diminisher → GENEROUS MAN = Sigurðr
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skerðir ‘diminisher’

skerðir (noun m.): diminisher < menskerðir (noun m.): necklace-diminisher

[2] menskerðir: ‘men[…]ðir’ B

kennings

menskerðir
‘the necklace-diminisher ’
   = GENEROUS MAN = Sigurðr

the necklace-diminisher → GENEROUS MAN = Sigurðr
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sverði ‘with the sword’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword

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myrkaurriða ‘the dark trout’

myrkaurriði (noun m.): [dark trout]

[3] myrkaurriða: ‘myrk[…]riða’ B, ‘myrk . . rriða’ 744ˣ, ‘mirkavridi’ papp10ˣ

kennings

myrkaurriða markar
‘the dark trout of the forest ’
   = SERPENT = Fáfnir

the dark trout of the forest → SERPENT = Fáfnir
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markar ‘of the forest’

2. mǫrk (noun f.; °merkr; merkr): forest

kennings

myrkaurriða markar
‘the dark trout of the forest ’
   = SERPENT = Fáfnir

the dark trout of the forest → SERPENT = Fáfnir
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flótta ‘to flight’

flótti (noun m.): flight, fleeing

[4] flótta: ‘[…]lotta’ B

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The word vargr is given as one of several examples of heiti for ‘wolf’.

Because B is very difficult to read at this point, AM 744 4°ˣ (744ˣ), an early C18th copy of B made by Jón Ólafsson when B was more legible, has been consulted selectively. — [1, 4]: Most likely refers to Haraldr’s early exploits in Russia (see ÞjóðA Run 1, 3; Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 55). — [1] þats ‘that’: For the use of þats as a conj. (‘that’) see NS §267. — [2-3]: The embedded cl. refers to Sigurðr’s slaying of the dragon Fáfnir (see Fáfn; NK 180-8; SnE 1998, I, 46).

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