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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (SnE) 1III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from Snorra Edda 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 512.

Anonymous LausavísurStanzas from Snorra Edda
12

Bæði ‘both’

báðir (pron.; °gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði): both

[1] Bæði: so W, U, B, ‘Teþi’ R, ‘bedi‑’ Tˣ

Close

ák ‘I have’

2. eiga (verb; °á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt): own, have

[1] ák (‘a ek’): ‘‑a’ Tˣ, er U

notes

[1] ák … til ‘I have’: Following Skj B, this is taken as a verb-adv. collocation (eiga til ‘have’). Kock (NN §1098; Skald) construes it with brúðar (til brúðar ‘to the woman’), which is less likely (see the following Note).

Close

til ‘’

til (prep.): to

notes

[1] ák … til ‘I have’: Following Skj B, this is taken as a verb-adv. collocation (eiga til ‘have’). Kock (NN §1098; Skald) construes it with brúðar (til brúðar ‘to the woman’), which is less likely (see the following Note).

Close

brúðar ‘of the wife’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride

[1] brúðar: ‘broþr’ U

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

brúðar ‘of the wife’

brúðr (noun f.; °brúðar, dat. & acc. brúði; brúðir): woman, bride

[1] brúðar: ‘broþr’ U

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

berg ‘of the mountain’

berg (noun n.; °-s; -): rock, cliff < bergjarl (noun m.)

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

berg ‘of the mountain’

berg (noun n.; °-s; -): rock, cliff < bergjarl (noun m.)

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

berg ‘of the mountain’

berg (noun n.; °-s; -): rock, cliff < bergjarl (noun m.)

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

jarls ‘jarl’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl < bergjarl (noun m.)

[2] ‑jarls: ‑hjarls B

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

jarls ‘jarl’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl < bergjarl (noun m.)

[2] ‑jarls: ‑hjarls B

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

jarls ‘jarl’

jarl (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): poet, earl < bergjarl (noun m.)

[2] ‑jarls: ‑hjarls B

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

skip ‘ships’

skip (noun n.; °-s; -): ship

kennings

seinfyrnð skip dverga,
‘the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, ’
   = POEMS

the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, → POEMS

notes

[2] skip dverga ‘ships of dwarfs [POEMS]’: For kennings of this type, in which ‘ship’ is explained as an ofljóst construction (líð is ‘strong beverage’ and lið is ‘ship, vessel’), see Meissner 428 and SnE 1998, I, 14.

Close

dverga ‘of dwarfs’

dvergr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): dwarf

kennings

seinfyrnð skip dverga,
‘the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, ’
   = POEMS

the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, → POEMS

notes

[2] skip dverga ‘ships of dwarfs [POEMS]’: For kennings of this type, in which ‘ship’ is explained as an ofljóst construction (líð is ‘strong beverage’ and lið is ‘ship, vessel’), see Meissner 428 and SnE 1998, I, 14.

Close

sollinn ‘my swollen’

sollinn (adj./verb p.p.): swollen

[3] sollinn: sólar U

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263. — [3] sollinn ‘swollen’: The p. p. of the strong verb svella ‘swell, increase’. Qualifying the base-word in the kenning for ‘thought’, it probably refers to the skald’s frame of mind, agitated by anger, love or pain.

Close

sollinn ‘my swollen’

sollinn (adj./verb p.p.): swollen

[3] sollinn: sólar U

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263. — [3] sollinn ‘swollen’: The p. p. of the strong verb svella ‘swell, increase’. Qualifying the base-word in the kenning for ‘thought’, it probably refers to the skald’s frame of mind, agitated by anger, love or pain.

Close

vind ‘wind’

1. vindr (noun m.; °-s/-ar; -ar): wind

kennings

sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls
‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl ’
   = THOUGHT

the mountain-jarl → GIANT
the wife of the GIANT → GIANTESS
my swollen wind of GIANTESS → THOUGHT

notes

[1-2, 3] sollinn vind brúðar bergjarls ‘my swollen wind of the wife of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > GIANTESS > THOUGHT]’: According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 108), ‘thought, mind’ ought to be circumscribed as ‘wind of the giantess’: Huginn skal svá kenna at kalla vind trǫllkvinna ok rétt at nefna til hverja er vill ok svá at nefna jǫtnana eða kenna þá til konu eða móður eða dóttur þess ‘Thought shall be paraphrased in such a manner as to call it wind of troll-women, and it is correct to name whichever [troll-woman] one wants and also to name giants and qualify her [the troll-woman] as the wife or mother or daughter of that one’. The origin of this type of kenning is obscure. Kock (NN §1098; Skald) argues that, rather than til lit. ‘to’ (l. 1) being an adv., it is more natural to take it as a prep. with the object brúðar ‘wife, woman’ (at senda til brúðar ‘to send to the woman’). While that is certainly correct (we would not expect the adv. til in an unstressed position and a syntactic break before position 5), it forces Kock to construe the kenning as sollinn vind bergjarls ‘swollen wind of the mountain-jarl [GIANT > THOUGHT]’, in which the determinant is ‘giant’ rather than ‘giantess’. There is very little evidence, if any, for such a kenning (see Meissner 138-9), and the present edn therefore follows SnE 1848-87, Skj B and SnE 1998, II, 243, 263.

Close

senda ‘send’

senda (verb): send

Close

seinfyrnð ‘the never-forgotten’

seinfyrðr (adj.): [never-forgotten]

kennings

seinfyrnð skip dverga,
‘the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, ’
   = POEMS

the never-forgotten ships of dwarfs, → POEMS

notes

[4] seinfyrnð ‘the never-forgotten’: Lit. ‘slowly grown old’. A hap. leg. from seinn ‘slow, late’ and *fyrna ‘grow old, age’ (cf. fyrnask ‘grow old, age, be forgotten’; see ShÞ Frag l. 1).

Close

gǫtu ‘direction’

gata (noun f.): path, road

notes

[4] eina gǫtu ‘in the same direction’: Lit. ‘on one road’, an acc. of place.

Close

eina ‘in the same’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

notes

[4] eina gǫtu ‘in the same direction’: Lit. ‘on one road’, an acc. of place.

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