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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Manna 10III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Manna heiti 10’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 785.

Anonymous ÞulurManna heiti

text and translation

Sessunautar         ok sifjungar,
afspringr es þá         ok ættstuðill;
þá es ráðunautr         ok ráðgjafi,
þjónar ok þrælar,         þírr, ǫnnungar,
verkmenn, kefsar         ok vílmegir.

Sessunautar ok sifjungar, afspringr es þá ok ættstuðill; þá es ráðunautr ok ráðgjafi, þjónar ok þrælar, þírr, ǫnnungar, verkmenn, kefsar ok vílmegir.
‘Bench-partners and affines, offspring is next and family-pillar; then there is counsel-sharer and counsellor, servants and slaves, serf, labourers, workmen, captives and sons of toil.

notes and context

Some of the terms in this list are not otherwise attested in poetry: sifjungar ‘affines’ (l. 2), ráðunautr ‘counsel-sharer’ (l. 5), ǫnnungar ‘labourers’ (l. 8) and verkmenn ‘workmen’ (l. 9). — Ms. A has been chosen as the main ms. for this stanza, because ll. 6 and 10 are omitted in the R, , C redaction.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. j. Manna heiti 10: AI, 661, BI, 662-3, Skald I, 327; SnE 1848-87, I, 561-2, II, 475, 558-9, 618, SnE 1931, 200, SnE 1998, I, 118.   


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