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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Poem about Haraldr harðráði — Ill HarII

Illugi bryndœlaskáld

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 282-5.

 

This poem about Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson (Ill Har) is peculiar in that ll. 2-3 of each helmingr insert information about Sigurðr the Dragon-slayer and the Gjúkungar (for similar syntactic constructions called stæltr ‘inlaid, intercalated’, see SnSt Ht 12III, SnE 1999, 10; SnE 1998, I, 210). Illugi used these allusions to eulogise Haraldr by juxtaposing his merits with those of Sigurðr the Dragon-slayer. The poet’s name is given in SnE (sts 1, 2), H-Hr, Flat (st. 3), Hkr and Fsk (st. 4). The helmingar are ordered in accordance with the sequence of events from the Sigurðr-cycle described in ll. 2-3 (see also Fidjestøl 1982, 142-3). Stanza 1 is recorded in mss R, , U, A, B and C of SnE (Skm), as well as in LaufE (mss papp10ˣ, 2368ˣ, 743ˣ) where it is given together with Hallr Snorrason’s Magnússdrápa Erlingssonar (HSn MagndrIII) as one st. Stanza 2 is found in A only (added after the þulur), and st. 3 is cited in H-Hr (H, Hr) and Flat (Flat), and must have been part of the Mork redaction (Mork has a lacuna here). That is also the case with st. 4, which also is recorded in Hkr (mss , 39, F, E, J2ˣ) and Fsk (FskBˣ, FskAˣ). The variants show that H-Hr is not a Hkr text at this point.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fidjestøl, Bjarne. 1982. Det norrøne fyrstediktet. Universitet i Bergen Nordisk institutts skriftserie 11. Øvre Ervik: Alvheim & Eide.
  3. SnE 1999 = Snorri Sturluson. 1999. Edda: Háttatal. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. Rpt. with addenda and corrigenda. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. Internal references
  6. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  7. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  8. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  9. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  10. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Biography of) Hallr Snorrason’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 228.
  13. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Biography of) Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 35-56.
  14. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  15. Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Hallr Snorrason, Magnússdrápa Erlingssonar’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 228.
  16. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1116.
  17. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
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