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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Snorra Edda — SnE

Snorri Sturluson

Snorri Sturluson, Snorra Edda — 

Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

 

Vol. I. Poetry for Scandinavian Rulers 1: From Mythological Times to c. 1035 8. Volume Introduction 3. Sources for skaldic poetry cited in the kings’ sagas: manuscripts, facsimiles and editions 3.3. Other sources 1. Snorra Edda (SnE)

1. Snorra Edda (SnE)

Manuscripts[1]

R:        Codex Regius, GKS 2367 4° (c. 1300). A copy of a late C13th ms.

:       Codex Trajectinus, Traj 1374ˣ (c. 1595). A copy of a ms. from the second half of the C13th related to R.

W:       Codex Wormianus, AM 242 fol (c. 1350). W has a lacuna at fols 121-38 that was filled in from by Sveinn Jónsson in the C17th.

U:        Codex Upsaliensis, DG 11 (c. 1300-25). Also contains a text of Skáldatal.

A:        AM 748 I b 4° (c. 1300-25). Twenty-two leaves.

B:        AM 757 a 4° (c. 1400). Fourteen leaves. The ms. is now very difficult to read because of its poor condition and hence is supplemented by:

744ˣ:    AM 744 4° (early C18th, by Jón Ólafsson). A copy of B made when it was more legible than it is now. Used selectively in this volume to confirm or supplement B readings.

C:        AM 748 II 4° (c. 1400). Thirteen leaves.

Facsimiles and editions: R 1940, Tˣ 1985, W 1931, U 1962-77, A 1945, C 1945; SnE 1848-87, I-III, SnE 1931, SnE 1998, I-II [Skáldskaparmál], SnE 2005 [Prologue & Gylfaginning], SnE 2007 [Háttatal].

It is very difficult to establish a stemma for the mss of SnE (see SnE 2005, xxviii-xxxi), and the order of mss given above reflects the order of mss in the SkP editions.

Poetry

As a treatise on poetry and mythology containing over seven hundred skaldic citations, SnE is of unique importance in the history of skaldic poetry. The majority of this poetry, most of it cited as single helmingar, is edited in SkP III (Poetry from Treatises on Poetics), but where stanzas clearly belong to panegyric poems preserved mainly in the kings’ sagas they are edited in SkP I or II. Apart from Þhorn Harkv 11 in Gylfaginning (Gylf), all of the poetry from SnE edited in SkP I is contained in Skáldskaparmál (Skm), and most of it is also recorded in the kings’ sagas. The following are found in SnE only: Þhorn Harkv 12, Jór Send 1, Eyv Hál 1, 3, 6, 13, Glúmr Gráf 1, 5, 13, Eskál Vell 1-4, 33-4, 36, Edáð Banddr 9, ÞKolb Eirdr 17, Sigv ErfÓl 28, Ótt Hfl 2, 5, Þloft Tøgdr 8. The following are found only in SnE and LaufE (LaufE; see below). Further, Bjbp Jóms 1-40 is preserved in the SnE ms. R, but not in association with the SnE text. The R text is damaged in places, and there it is supplemented by AM 65 folˣ (65ˣ) and printed texts: see Introduction to Jóms. For poetry preserved in SnE and edited in SkP II, see SkP II, lxxvii.

For a full discussion of SnE, see Introduction to SkP III.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
  3. SnE 1931 = Snorri Sturluson. 1931. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar. Ed. Finnur Jónsson. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  4. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. A 1945 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1945. Fragments of the Elder and the Younger Edda: AM 748 I and II 4:o. CCI 17. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  6. C 1945 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1945. Fragments of the Elder and the Younger Edda: AM 748 I and II 4:o. CCI 17. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  7. R 1940 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1940. Codex Regius of the Younger Edda: Ms. No. 2367 in the Old Royal Collection in the Royal Library of Copenhagen. CCI 14. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  8. Tˣ 1985 = Faulkes, Anthony, ed. 1985. Codex Trajectinus: The Utrecht Manuscript of the Prose Edda. EIM 15. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  9. U 1962-77 = Grape, Anders et al., eds. 1962-77. Snorre Sturlasons Edda: Uppsala-handskriften DG 11. 2 vols. Stockholm and Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell.
  10. W 1931 = Sigurður Nordal, ed. 1931. Codex Wormianus (The Younger Edda): Ms. No. 242 fol. in The Arnamagnæan Collection in the University Library of Copenhagen. CCI 2. Copenhagen: Levin & Munksgaard.
  11. SkP = Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Turnhout: Brepols.
  12. SkP I = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Ed. Diana Whaley. 2012.
  13. SkP III = Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade in collaboration with Edith Marold. 2017.
  14. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  15. SkP II = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade. 2009.
  16. SnE 2007 = Snorri Sturluson. 2007. Edda: Háttatal. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  17. Internal references
  18. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  19. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  20. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  21. Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘Háttatal’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  22. Emily Lethbridge 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 954.
  23. Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 959.
  24. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyjólfr dáðaskáld, Bandadrápa 9’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 468.
  25. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 283.
  26. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 197.
  27. Alison Finlay (ed.) 2012, ‘Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 248.
  28. Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 145.
  29. Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Óttarr svarti, Hǫfuðlausn 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 744.
  30. Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Erfidrápa Óláfs helga 28’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 697.
  31. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórðr Kolbeinsson, Eiríksdrápa 17’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 513.
  32. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 11’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 106.
  33. R. D. Fulk (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál) 12’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 107.
  34. Matthew Townend (ed.) 2012, ‘Þórarinn loftunga, Tøgdrápa 8’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 862.
  35. Not published: do not cite ()
  36. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 4. Sources for Skaldic Poetry Cited in the Kings' Sagas 3. Other sources 1. Snorra Edda (SnE)

1. Snorra Edda (SnE)

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Snorra Edda (SnE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Manuscripts

R:             Codex Regius, GKS 2367 4° (c. 1300). A copy of a late C13th manuscript.

Tˣ:           Codex Trajectinus, Traj 1374ˣ (c. 1595). A copy of a manuscript from the second half of the C13th related to R.

W:            Codex Wormianus, AM 242 fol (c. 1350). W has a lacuna at fols 121-38 that was filled in from Tˣ by Sveinn Jónsson in the C17th.

U:             Codex Upsaliensis, DG 11 (c. 1300-25).

A:             AM 748 I b 4° (c. 1300-25). Twenty-two leaves.

B:             AM 757 a 4° (c. 1400). Fourteen leaves. The manuscript is now very difficult to read because of its poor condition. Therefore 744ˣ (AM 744 4°), an early C18th copy of B made by Jón Ólafsson when B was more legible than it is now, has been used selectively in SkP II.

C:             AM 748 II 4° (c. 1400). Thirteen leaves.

Facsimiles and editions: R 1940, Tˣ 1985, W 1931, U 1962-77, A 1945, C 1945; SnE 1848-87, SnE 1931, SnE 1998, SnE 1999, SnE 2005.

It is very difficult to establish a stemma for the mss of SnE (see SnE 2005, xxviii-xxxi), and the order of mss given above reflects the order of mss in the SkP editions.

Poetry

All of the poetry from SnE edited in SkP II is contained in Skáldskaparmál (Skm), and most of it is also recorded in the kings’ sagas. The following sts are found in SnE only: Sigv Berv 18, ÞjóðA Run 2-4, ÞjóðA Sex 8, 27, 29, 30-1, ÞjóðA Frag 2-3, 5, Arn Hryn 20, Arn Magndr 19, Arn Þorfdr 1, 4, 12, 15, 25, Arn Hardr 6, 17, Ill Har 1-2, Valg Har 1-3, Stúfr Stúfdr 7, Mark Eirdr 1-2, 31-2, ESk Harsonkv 2, ESk Run 4, 10, ESk Ingdr 1, Balti Sigdr 4.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
  3. SnE 1931 = Snorri Sturluson. 1931. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar. Ed. Finnur Jónsson. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  4. SnE 1999 = Snorri Sturluson. 1999. Edda: Háttatal. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. Rpt. with addenda and corrigenda. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  6. A 1945 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1945. Fragments of the Elder and the Younger Edda: AM 748 I and II 4:o. CCI 17. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  7. C 1945 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1945. Fragments of the Elder and the Younger Edda: AM 748 I and II 4:o. CCI 17. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  8. R 1940 = Wessén, Elias, ed. 1940. Codex Regius of the Younger Edda: Ms. No. 2367 in the Old Royal Collection in the Royal Library of Copenhagen. CCI 14. Copenhagen: Munksgaard.
  9. U 1962-77 = Grape, Anders et al., eds. 1962-77. Snorre Sturlasons Edda: Uppsala-handskriften DG 11. 2 vols. Stockholm and Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell.
  10. W 1931 = Sigurður Nordal, ed. 1931. Codex Wormianus (The Younger Edda): Ms. No. 242 fol. in The Arnamagnæan Collection in the University Library of Copenhagen. CCI 2. Copenhagen: Levin & Munksgaard.
  11. SkP = Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages. Turnhout: Brepols.
  12. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  13. SkP II = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade. 2009.
  14. Internal references
  15. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  16. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  17. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 267.
  18. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 20’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 206.
  19. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa 19’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 229.
  20. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫðvarr balti, Sigurðardrápa 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 535-6.
  21. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Haraldssonakvæði (?) 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 549-50.
  22. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Ingadrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 562-3.
  23. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 553-4.
  24. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 282-3.
  25. Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 433-4.
  26. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sigvatr Þórðarson, Bersǫglisvísur 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 30.
  27. Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 120.
  28. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 300-1.
Vol. III. Poetry from Treatises on Poetics 7. Introduction 4. Sources 4.2. The Works 4.2.1. Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)

4.2.1. Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)

Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

For prose works you will see a list of the stanzas and fragments in that prose work, where relevant, providing links to the individual stanzas.

Where you have access to introduction(s) to the poem or prose work in the database, these will appear in the ‘introduction’ section.

The final section, ‘sources’ is a list of the manuscripts that contain the prose work, as well as manuscripts and prose works linked to stanzas and sections of a text.