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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Óldr 17I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 17’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1049.

Anonymous PoemsÓláfs drápa Tryggvasonar
161718

... ‘...’

(non-lexical)

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sveif ‘swept’

svífa (verb): sweep

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sund ‘of the sea’

sund (noun n.; °-s; -): sound, strait; swimming < sundvargr (noun m.): [sea-wolf]

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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sund ‘of the sea’

sund (noun n.; °-s; -): sound, strait; swimming < sundvargr (noun m.): [sea-wolf]

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

vargs ‘wolf’

vargr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): wolf < sundvargr (noun m.): [sea-wolf]

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

vargs ‘wolf’

vargr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): wolf < sundvargr (noun m.): [sea-wolf]

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

boða ‘an offerer’

boði (noun m.; °-a; -ar): messenger, breaker

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

mǫrgum ‘for many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

kennings

mǫrgum boða sundvargs;
‘for many an offerer of the sea-wolf; ’
   = SEAFARER

the sea-wolf; → SHIP
for many an offerer of the SHIP → SEAFARER
Close

geirs ‘of the spear’

geirr (noun m.): spear

kennings

gusti geirs.
‘the gust of the spear.’
   = BATTLE

the gust of the spear. → BATTLE
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gusti ‘the gust’

gustr (noun m.): gust

kennings

gusti geirs.
‘the gust of the spear.’
   = BATTLE

the gust of the spear. → BATTLE
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grams ‘the ruler’s’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The extant poem resumes with commemoration of the sea-battle at Svǫlðr c. 1000, for which see also Hfr ErfÓl 1-24, Skúli SvǫlðrIII, Stefnir Lv 1 (cf. OSnorr Lv), Eþsk Couplet, Hókr Eirfl, ÞKolb Eirdr 8, and the non-contemporary HSt Rst 15-23; see further the entry on Óláfr Tryggvason in ‘Ruler biographies’ in Introduction to this volume. — [4]: The entire first helmingr, except for its final word tafni (n. dat. sg.) ‘carrion, prey’ or ‘offering, sacrifice’, is lacking in Bb. Apparently the scribe’s exemplar had a lacuna here; a much later hand notes vantar í ‘some missing’ at the bottom of fol. 112v, after st. 16. It is likely that a significant number of stanzas are missing (see Introduction).

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