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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Sex 31II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Sexstefja 31’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 146-7.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonSexstefja
303132

Gera ‘for Geri’

Geri (noun m.): Geri

notes

[1] Gera ‘for Geri <wolf>’: Geri (probably ‘greedy’) is named, with Freki, as one of Óðinn’s wolves in Grí 19/1 (NK 61), hence the word is a general heiti for ‘wolf’.

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byrjuð ‘initiated’

2. byrja (verb; °-að-): begin, begat, please

[1] byrjuð: so U, C, om. R, Tˣ, A, B

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ulf* ‘the wolf’

1. ulfr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): wolf

[2] ulf*: ulfr all

notes

[2] ulf* ‘the wolf’: (a) Emendation of nom. sg. ulfr in the mss to acc. sg. ulf, as first proposed by Konráð Gíslason (1879a, 189; Nj 1875-8, II, 75), is attractive, since without it there are two potential subjects for the verb kom ‘came’: sonr Sigvorðar ‘Sigurðr’s son, Haraldr’ and ulfr, and the former, as a human subject, appears more likely given that kom is accompanied by norðan ‘from the north’. (b) The ms. reading can be retained if á is read as the 3rd pers. sg. pres. indic. of eiga ‘own, possess, have’, hence á sár/sr at spenja ‘has a wound/wounds to entice (with)’, i.e. can entice the wolf with his enemies’ wounds. This interpretation is offered by Faulkes, citing Frank’s suggestion of a connection between spenja and speni ‘teat’ (SnE 1998, I, 87, 400 and Frank 1978, 86). Spenja means to ‘entice’ or ‘attract’ (especially sby to change their allegiance or location). Sveinbjörn Egilsson had hesitantly adopted the same cl. arrangement, suggesting ‘Sigurðr’s son has wounds to cause’ (filius Sigurdi vulnera habet inferenda, SnE 1848-87, I, 476-7).

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sonr ‘the son’

sonr (noun m.; °-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni): son

[3] sonr: sannr U, ‘sónra’ A

kennings

sonr Sigvorðar
‘the son of Sigurðr ’
   = Haraldr

the son of Sigurðr → Haraldr
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á ‘onto’

3. á (prep.): on, at

[3] á sôr (‘a sar’): ‘asar’ Tˣ, freki U, ‘a sár’ A, ‘áá sáár’ C

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sôr ‘the wounds’

2. sár (noun n.; °-s; -): wound

[3] á sôr (‘a sar’): ‘asar’ Tˣ, freki U, ‘a sár’ A, ‘áá sáár’ C

notes

[3] sôr ‘the wounds’: The ms. spellings are compatible with normalised sár sg. and sr pl., but the latter seems slightly more likely.

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at ‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

[3] at: ok Tˣ, skal U

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spenja ‘entice’

spenja (verb): entice

[3] spenja: vekja U

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Sigvorðar ‘of Sigurðr’

Sigurðr (noun m.): Sigurðr

[4] Sigvorðar (‘sigvrþar’): ‘sigvrþr’ U

kennings

sonr Sigvorðar
‘the son of Sigurðr ’
   = Haraldr

the son of Sigurðr → Haraldr

notes

[4] Sigvorðar ‘of Sigurðr’: This form is required in order that the first two syllables of the l. do not resolve (whereas Sigurðr is indicated in ÞjóðA Lv 6/1).

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norðan ‘from the north’

norðan (adv.): from the north

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

This begins a set of sts illustrating heiti for vargr ‘wolf’. The prose mentions kennings for ‘wolf’, then introduces Þjóðólfr’s st. to exemplify vargr itself; the citation is followed by a note that in it the wolf is also referred to as geri.

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