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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Liðs 9I

Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Liðsmannaflokkr 9’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1027.

Anonymous PoemsLiðsmannaflokkr

text and translation

Hvern morgin sér horna
Hlǫkk á Tempsar bakka
— skalat Hanga má hungra —
hjalmskóð roðin blóði.
Rýðr eigi sá sveigir
sára lauk í ári,
hinns Grjótvarar gætir,
gunnborðs, fyr Stað norðan.

Hvern morgin sér {Hlǫkk horna} {hjalmskóð} roðin blóði á bakka Tempsar; {má Hanga} skalat hungra. {Sá sveigir {gunnborðs}}, hinns gætir Grjótvarar fyr norðan Stað, rýðr eigi {lauk sára} í ári.
‘Every morning the Hlǫkk <valkyrie> of drinking horns [WOMAN] sees the helmet-destroyers [SWORDS] reddened with blood on the bank of the Thames; the seagull of Hangi <= Óðinn> [RAVEN/EAGLE] must not go hungry. That brandisher of the battle-plank [SHIELD > WARRIOR] who watches over Grjótvǫr [Steinvǫr] to the north of Stad does not redden the leek of wounds [SWORD] in a hurry.

notes and context

In the Óláfr sagas, as for st. 1; in Knýtl, as for st. 2.

[5-8]: This is the second occurrence of the refrain-like helmingr (see Note to st. 3/5-8), and this stanza also recapitulates other material used earlier in the flokkr. As explained in the Note to st. 3/5-8, Finnur Jónsson in Skj treats st. 9/5-8 as a variant of 3/5-8, and hence prints only ll. 1-4 of st. 9, except that ll. 7-8 are printed in a note to Skj AI, 221.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte om historiske personer og begivenheder [XI], [2]. Liðsmannaflokkr 6: AI, 423 (ll. 1-4), 221 (ll. 5-8), BI, 392 (ll. 1-4), 211 (ll. 5-8), Skald I, 194 (ll. 1-4), 110 (ll. 5-8), NN §1992Flat 1860-8, III, 238, ÓH 1941, II, 684; ÓHLeg 1922, 11, ÓHLeg 1982, 52-3; Knýtl 1919-25, 46, ÍF 35, 116 (ch. 14).


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