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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Kali Lv 1II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Kali Sæbjarnarson, Lausavísa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 393-4.

Kali SæbjarnarsonLausavísa1

Hvé ‘How’

hvé (conj.): how

[1] Hvé: so all others, Hví Mork

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launa ‘repay’

launa (verb): reward

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þingmæltir ‘assembly-eloquent’

þingmæltr (adj./verb p.p.): [assembly-eloquent]

[2] þingmæltir dýrlingar: þingríkir hǫfðingjar H, Hr, Flat, 325III α, R702ˣ, þingdjarfir hǫfðingjar Bb

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[2] þingmæltir dýrlingar ‘assembly-eloquent darlings’: Þingríkir hǫfðingjar ‘law-mighty chieftains’ (lit. ‘assembly-mighty chieftains’; so Orkn and H-Hr) is metrically and syntactically possible and preferred by Skj B and Skald. Also possible is þingdjarfir hǫfðingjar ‘assembly-daring chieftains’ (so Bb). Þingmæltr ‘assembly-eloquent’ is a hap. leg., and dýrlingr ‘darling’ is cognate with OE dēorling ‘favourite, minion, darling’.

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dýrlingar ‘darlings’

dýrlingr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i; -ar): [darlings]

[2] þingmæltir dýrlingar: þingríkir hǫfðingjar H, Hr, Flat, 325III α, R702ˣ, þingdjarfir hǫfðingjar Bb

notes

[2] þingmæltir dýrlingar ‘assembly-eloquent darlings’: Þingríkir hǫfðingjar ‘law-mighty chieftains’ (lit. ‘assembly-mighty chieftains’; so Orkn and H-Hr) is metrically and syntactically possible and preferred by Skj B and Skald. Also possible is þingdjarfir hǫfðingjar ‘assembly-daring chieftains’ (so Bb). Þingmæltr ‘assembly-eloquent’ is a hap. leg., and dýrlingr ‘darling’ is cognate with OE dēorling ‘favourite, minion, darling’.

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vestr ‘In the west’

2. vestr (adv.): west, in the west

[3] vestr: austr Bb

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rengr ‘ship-frames’

rǫng (noun f.): frame, rib

[3] rengr: rangir Hr, regn 325III α, R702ˣ

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[3] rengr ‘ship-frames’: Rǫng (pl. rengr) was a cross-piece that held together the bottom-boards in a ship (see Note to Hharð Lv 11/7-8). Skj B gives the sg. form rǫng (not supported by any ms.), although LP: rǫng lists the pl. form for this st.

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rǫstum ‘the currents’

2. rǫst (noun f.; °; gen. rasta): current

[3] rǫstum: rǫstu Bb, 325III α, R702ˣ

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jǫfurr ‘prince’

jǫfurr (noun m.): ruler, prince

[4] jǫfurr: konungr Bb, Flat, 325III α, R702ˣ

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[4] jǫfurr ‘lord’: The variant konungr ‘king’ (so Orkn; Bb) is an equally plausible reading.

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hnossir ‘for your treasures’

1. hnoss (noun f.; °; -ir): treasure

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

In Orkn and H-Hr the helmingr is attributed to Kali and recited as a question to Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson (see Mberf Lv 1) when Magnús’s army winters in the Hebrides (1098-9). In Mork it is anonymous but part of a verbal exchange with Magnús which takes place before Magnús embarks on his second expedition to the west in 1102.

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