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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 35I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 35’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 327.

Einarr skálaglamm HelgasonVellekla

Fjallvǫnðum gaf fylli,
(fullr varð) en spjǫr gullu,
herstefnandi hrǫfnum
(hrafn á ylgjar tafni).

{Herstefnandi} gaf fjallvǫnðum hrǫfnum fylli, en spjǫr gullu; hrafn varð fullr á {tafni ylgjar}.

{The army-summoner} [RULER] gave the mountain-accustomed ravens their fill, and spears resounded; the raven was sated on {the prey of the she-wolf} [CORPSE].

Mss: R(37v), Tˣ(39v), U(40v), A(14r), B(6v), C(7r), 744ˣ(44v) (SnE); 743ˣ(74v), 2368ˣ(95) (LaufE)

Readings: [2] fullr: fyllr A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ;    spjǫr: ‘spier’ 743ˣ, 2368ˣ    [3] her‑: hré‑ Tˣ, B, hræ‑ A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ;    ‑stefnandi: ‘‑stef(na)nd[...]’(?) B, stefnandi 744ˣ;    hrǫfnum: hrafna A, 743ˣ, 2368ˣ, ‘[...]efna’ B, hrefna 744ˣ    [4] tafni: ‘tanni’ Tˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 131, Skj BI, 123-4, Skald I, 69; SnE 1848-87, I, 488, II, 456, 543, 597, SnE 1931, 172, SnE 1998, I, 91; LaufE 1979, 351.

Context: This helmingr is the first example cited in a passage on names for ‘raven’ in both SnE (Skm) and LaufE.

Notes: [All]: The very general content of the stanza makes it unclear whether it even belongs to Vell or has any relation to the battle against the Jómsvíkingar; see Introduction.


  1. Bibliography
  2. SnE 1848-87 = Snorri Sturluson. 1848-87. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar: Edda Snorronis Sturlaei. Ed. Jón Sigurðsson et al. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Legatum Arnamagnaeanum. Rpt. Osnabrück: Zeller, 1966.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. LaufE 1979 = Faulkes, Anthony, ed. 1979. Edda Magnúsar Ólafssonar (Laufás Edda). RSÁM 13. Vol. I of Two Versions of Snorra Edda from the 17th Century. Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar, 1977-9.
  5. SnE 1931 = Snorri Sturluson. 1931. Edda Snorra Sturlusonar. Ed. Finnur Jónsson. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
  6. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  7. Internal references
  8. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  9. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  10. Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 280.
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

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