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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 43VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 43’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 111-12.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól

text and translation

Ræfrs esat lǫngu lífi
lungbeitǫndum heitit
— raun finna þess runnar
randéls — af gram landa.
Þvís hringstyrjar hverjum
hag sinn með trú fagri
yngra þoll ok ellra
einsætt at vel hreinsi.

{Lungbeitǫndum} esat heitit lǫngu lífi af {gram {ræfrs landa}}; {runnar {randéls}} finna raun þess. Þvís einsætt {hverjum þoll {hringstyrjar}}, yngra ok ellra, at hreinsi vel hag sinn með fagri trú.
‘Ship-steerers [MEN] are not promised long life by the prince of the roof of lands [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]; bushes of the shield-storm [BATTLE > WARRIORS] gain experience of that. Therefore it is evident to each fir-tree of the sword-din [BATTLE > WARRIOR], to young and old, that he should thoroughly purify his state with beautiful faith.

notes and context



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Gamli kanóki, 2. Harmsól 43: AI, 568, BI, 559, Skald I, 271; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 27, Kempff 1867, 13, Nj 1875-8, II, 356, Rydberg 1907, 27, Jón Helgason 1935-36, 259, Black 1971, 247, Attwood 1996a, 232.


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