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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hryn 21II

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrynhenda 21’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 697-8.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrynhenda

text and translation

Allvaldr, dýrkaz út með Serkjum
innanlands af mildi þinni
— þjóðum líka þínir haukar
þaðra — alt með Blálands jaðri.
Víða hrjóta veglig mæti
vægðarlaust af yðrum frægðum;
hollar prýða heiminn allan
hnossir þínar, mærðar tínir.

Allvaldr, dýrkaz af mildi þinni innanlands með Serkjum alt út með jaðri Blálands; þjóðum þaðra líka haukar þínir. Veglig mæti hrjóta víða vægðarlaust af frægðum yðrum; hollar hnossir þínar prýða allan heiminn, {tínir mærðar}.
‘Mighty ruler, you are worshipped for your generosity within the land among the Saracens all the way out along the coast of Africa; the people there like your hawks. Grand, precious things spread far and wide incessantly about your reputation; your valuable treasures adorn the whole world, gatherer of glory [KING].

notes and context

King Hákon sent two emissaries to the court of the emir in Tunis, bearing precious gifts and falcons. One of the envoys was Loðinn leppr ‘Patch’ who had accompanied Kristín on her journey to Spain a few years before, in 1257.

During his reign, King Hákon managed to expand the Norw. state further to the north and west than his predecessors had been able to. He was on friendly terms with King Henry III of England and maintained diplomatic relations with many other rulers in Europe, such as Frederick II of the Holy Roman Empire and king of Sicily, King Louis IX of France, Alexander, prince of Novgorod, Pope Innocent IV and King Alfonso X. His influence was felt from the northernmost parts of Greenland all the way south to the coast of North Africa, from Iceland and Scotland in the west to Novgorod in the east.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 3. Hrynhenda 21: AII, 108, BII, 118, Skald II, 63, NN §3150; F 1871, 568, Hák 1977-82, 192, Flat 1860-8, III, 216.


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