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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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RvHbreiðm Hl 18III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 18’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1026.

Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr ÞórarinssonHáttalykill

text and translation

Gramr framr gerði rimmu;
gekk — fekk vargr at drekka
blóð — þjóð — bragningr háði*
bǫð — glǫð til vígstǫðva.
Sǫng lǫng slíðra tunga;
sleit beit atfleyg peita;
bar þar * buðlungr hæri
bjart snart í styr hjarta.

Framr gramr gerði rimmu; þjóð gekk glǫð til {vígstǫðva}; vargr fekk blóð at drekka; bragningr háði* bǫð. {Lǫng tunga slíðra} sǫng; atfleyg peita sleit, beit; þar * bar hæri buðlungr bjart, snart hjarta í styr.
‘The outstanding ruler created a conflict; people went happy to the battle-harbour [BATTLEFIELD]; the wolf got blood to drink; the lord conducted a battle. The long tongue of scabbards [SWORD] sang; the soaring spear tore, bit; there, the more distinguished prince carried a cheerful, brave heart to battle.

notes and context

As st. 17 above.

[6]: The reading ‘at flæg væita’ is difficult to restore. Veita is an obvious misreading of peita ‘spear’ (Rugman mistook <p> for insular <v>; see also sts 44/9, 56/1, 67/2). Peita is a spear, and the word is first attested with this meaning in Eþver Lv 1/8I, dated to 1024. ON Peita is the name for Poitou, which was famous for its spears (Falk 1914b, 75; Þul Spjóts l. 8). Previous eds interpret ‘at flæg’ variously as ørlyg ‘shield’ (Skj B) and at flaug ‘after the flight’ (Skald; NN §1159). SnE 1848, 240 has at flög ‘in the swarm’ (?), which is difficult to make sense of. However, the metre requires the nominal syllable in position 4 to be short if the word in position 3 is a form word (at flug ‘after the flight’ would be possible). Holtsmark (Hl 1941) suggested a cpd adj. atfleyg ‘soaring’ with a heavy dip in position 4. That reading makes the most sense from a palaeographical point of view and has been adopted here. For [ey] rendered as <æ> in papp25ˣ and R683ˣ, see Hl 1941, 105. — [8]: For this line, see also Anon Krm 5/10VIII.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 9b: AI, 515-16, BI, 491, Skald I, 241, NN §1159; Hl 1941, 33, 54-5.


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