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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Hsv 3VII

Tarrin Wills and Stefanie Gropper (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Hugsvinnsmál 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 362-3.

Anonymous PoemsHugsvinnsmál

text and translation

Þarflátr ok þakklátr        skaltu fyrir þínum guði
        ok vammalauss vera;
föður ok móður        unn þú fróðhugaðr;
        ræktu þína alla ætt.

Skaltu vera þarflátr ok þakklátr ok vammalauss fyrir guði þínum; unn þú fróðhugaðr föður ok móður; ræktu alla ætt þína.
‘You must be humble and thankful and unblemished before your God; love your father and mother as a man with intelligence; take care of all your family.

notes and context

Lat. parallels: (sententia 1) Deo supplica ‘pray to God’; (sent. 2) parentes ama ‘love your parents’; (sent. 3) cognatos cole ‘respect your kindred’. The sts 3-16 translate the short gnomic sentences (breves sententiae), following the Epistula in the Lat. text. — [1-3]: These ll. correspond in both content and phrasing to Anon Sól 30. Cf. also the phrasing in Hsv 21 (vamma varr ‘free of blemish’) and the content of Hsv 73.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], [C. E/5]. Hugsvinnsmál 3: AII, 168, BII, 186, Skald II, 97; Hallgrímur Scheving 1831, 7, Konráð Gíslason 1860, 549, Gering 1907, 1, Tuvestrand 1977, 72, Hermann Pálsson 1985, 25.


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