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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (TGT) 9III

Tarrin Wills (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise 9’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 543.

Anonymous LausavísurStanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise

text and translation

Rann hræddari hranna
hyrbrjótr frá styr ljótum.

{Hræddari {hranna hyr}brjótr} rann frá ljótum styr.
‘The more fearful breaker of the fire of the waves [(lit. ‘fire-breaker of the waves’) GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] ran from the grim battle.

notes and context

Cited as an example of soloecismus involving comparison; the comparative form (samjafnanligt nafnhræddari ‘more fearful’ is used instead of the positive form (settligu nafnihræddr ‘fearful’.

This fragment expresses an idea opposite to that of Anon (TGT) 8 and the two are probably in deliberate contrast; cf. Anon (TGT) 8/1 hraustan ‘bravely’ and hræddari ‘more fearful’ (l. 1).


Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], C. Vers om ubestemmelige personer og begivenheder 13: AI, 598, BI, 598, Skald I, 292; SnE 1818, 315, SnE 1848, 185, SnE 1848-87, II, 116-17, 410, III, 141, TGT 1884, 17, 76, 184, TGT 1927, 52, 95.


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