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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þhorn Gldr 2I

Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, Glymdrápa 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 78.

Þorbjǫrn hornklofiGlymdrápa

text and translation

Gerðisk glamma ferðar
gný-Þróttr jǫru dróttar
helkannandi hlenna
hlymrœks of trǫð glymja,
áðr út á mar mœtir
mannskœðr lagar tanna
ræsinaðr ok rausnar
rak vébrautar nǫkkva.

{Gný-Þróttr jǫru}, helkannandi dróttar hlenna hlymrœks, gerðisk glymja of {trǫð ferðar glamma}, áðr {mannskœðr mœtir {vébrautar}} rak nǫkkva {tanna lagar} ok {ræsinaðr rausnar} út á mar.
‘The din-Þróttr <= Óðinn> of battle [WARRIOR = Haraldr], condemning the band of thieves of the battle-cultivator to death, made clangour on the path of the pack of wolves [HEATH], before the man-harming attender of the standard-road [BATTLEFIELD > WARRIOR] drove [his] ships of the teeth of the sea [STONES (steinar ‘colours’)] and the excellent adder of the forecastle [SHIP] out to sea.

notes and context

On Hkr, see st. 1. In SnE (Skm), the second helmingr is given as an example of marr used as a sea‑heiti.

[5-8]: This helmingr is also the subject of numerous conflicting interpretations, though its statement about the king sending his warships out to sea is uncontroversial, as are mannskœðr mœtir ... ‘the man-harming attender ...’ as its subject and ræsinaðr ‘the frightening adder’ as one of its objects.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Þórbjǫrn hornklofi, 1. Glymdrápa 2: AI, 22, BI, 20, Skald I, 13, NN §§230-1, 2985E, 3396D; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 108-9, IV, 29-30, ÍF 26, 102, Hkr 1991, I, 62 (HHárf ch. 9), F 1871, 42; SnE 1848-87, I, 494, II, 449, 598 SnE 1931, 174, SnE 1998, I, 93.


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