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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hrafn 8II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hrafnsmál 8’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 734.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHrafnsmál

Stóð af stórráðum
stýri brimdýra
ógn of úrþvegnar
jarðir vestrgarða.
Færðu hjálmhirða
hausa friðlausir
jöfrar ósvifrum
ótta rándróttar.

Ógn stóð af {stórráðum stýri {brimdýra}} of úrþvegnar jarðir vestrgarða. Friðlausir jöfrar færðu {ósvifrum ótta rándróttar} hjálmhirða hausa.

Awe spread from {the imperious controller {of surf-animals}} [SHIPS > SEA-KING] throughout the sea-washed shores of the western settlements. The outlawed princes brought their helmet-protected heads to {the relentless terror of the retinue of robbery} [JUST RULER].

Mss: F(122va), 8(78r), 325X(11ra), Flat(185va) (Hák)

Readings: [2] brim‑: so all others, gín‑ F    [3] ógn: ógnir 325X, Flat;    úr‑: ofr Flat    [4] jarðir: jarðar Flat;    ‑garða: garði Flat    [5] Færðu: ‘f[…]rdu’ 325X, meiðir Flat;    ‑hirða: hirði 325X, hríða Flat    [6] frið‑: fé‑ 325X    [7] jöfrar ósvifrum: optast ósviptum Flat;    ósvifrum: ósvifrir 325X    [8] rán‑: rann‑ 8, Flat;    ‑dróttar: ‘‑dottar’ 8

Editions: Skj AII, 121, Skj BII, 128, Skald II, 69; F 1871, 573Hák 1977-82, 196, Flat 1860-8, III, 222.

Context: As st. 7 above.

Notes: [4] vestrgarða ‘of the western settlements’: Hap. leg. — [5] hjálmhirða ‘helmet-protected’: Hap. leg. — [8] rándróttar ‘of the retinue of robbery’: Lit. ‘of the robbery-retinue’. Hap. leg.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  4. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  5. Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.

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