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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturl Hákkv 26II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 26’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 719.

Sturla ÞórðarsonHákonarkviða

Enn sú rausn
ríða knátti
Hörða grams
með himinskautum,
hvé völsungr
veita knátti
sinnar vígslu.

Enn sú rausn {grams Hörða} knátti ríða með himinskautum, hvé völsungr knátti veita sæmðardag vígslu sinnar.

And that splendour {of the lord of the Hǫrðar} [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] spread along the corners of heaven, how the king entertained on the glorious day of his consecration.

Mss: F(114rb), 42ˣ(172r) (ll. 1-2, 7-8), 81a(113vb), 8(62r), Flat(180va) (Hák)

Readings: [1] sú: ‘sam’ 81a    [2] ríða: rísa 42ˣ, renna 8;    knátti: ‘gnadí’ 81a    [3] Hörða: vörsa Flat    [4] himin‑: om. 81a, vell‑ Flat    [5] hvé: so 8, hversu all others    [6] knátti: gáði 8, mátti Flat    [7] sæmðar‑: valinn Flat    [8] sinnar vígslu: so 42ˣ, 81a, 8, sinnar veizlu F, vígslu sinnar Flat

Editions: Skj AII, 116, Skj BII, 124, Skald II, 67; F 1871, 531, Hák 1910-86, 599, Hák 1977-82, 143, Flat 1860-8, III, 171.

Context: After his coronation, Hákon hosted a three-day long magnificent feast in Bergen.

Notes: [All]: This and the following st. are not recorded in E, and F is the main ms. Also note that the readings of the mss vary significantly, especially those given in Flat. — [3-4] grams Hörða ... með himinskautum, ‘of the lord of the Hǫrðar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … along the corners of heaven’: The reading of Flat, which is metrically and contextually possible, can be construed as follows: grams Vörsameð vellskötum ‘of the lord of the Vǫrsar [NORWEGIAN KING = Hákon] … among generous men’ (see LP: vellskati). — [5] völsungr ‘the king’: Lit. ‘descendent of Vǫlsungr’, the father of Sigmundr and the grandfather of Sigurðr the Dragon-slayer. Given as a heiti for ‘ruler, magnate’ in SnE (Skm, SnE 1998, I, 103). — [7-8] sæmðardag vígslu sinnar ‘on the glorious day of his consecration’: Flat gives valinn dag | vígslu sinnar ‘on the chosen day of his consecration’, which is metrically and contextually possible but not supported by the other ms. witnesses.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  5. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  6. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  7. Hák 1977-82 = Mundt, Marina, ed. 1977. Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Oslo: Forlagsentralen. Suppl. by James E. Knirk, Rettelser til Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar etter Sth. 8 fol., AM 325VIII, 4° og AM 304, 4°. Norrøne tekster 2. Oslo: Norsk historisk kjeldeskrift-institutt, 1982.
  8. Hák 1910-86 = Kjær, Albert and Ludvig Holm-Olsen, eds. 1910-86. Det Arnamagnæanske haandskrift 81a fol. (Skálholtsbók yngsta) indeholdende Sverris saga, Bǫglungasǫgur, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar. Oslo: Den norske historiske kildeskriftkommission and Kjeldeskriftfondet.
  9. Internal references
  10. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  11. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)

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