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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÓTr Lv 2I

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2012, ‘Óláfr Tryggvason, Lausavísa 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 384.

Óláfr TryggvasonLausavísa2

text and translation

Gestr skal einu         í gǫgn taka,
meðan Hvítinga         hvílask lôtum.
... þenna         þegn Goðmundar
af samnafna         sínum drekki.

Gestr skal taka í gǫgn einu, meðan lôtum Hvítinga hvílask. ... þenna þegn Goðmundar drekki af samnafna sínum.
‘The guest shall take hold of one [horn], while we let the Hvítingar rest. ... this retainer of Guðmundr that he drink from his namesake.

notes and context

A three-man delegation arrives at the court of Óláfr Tryggvason from King Guðmundr of Glasisvellir; one is Helgi and the other two call themselves Grímr. They present Óláfr with two gold-chased drinking horns, which seem also to be called Grímr and are still finer than Óláfr’s horns Hvítingar (variant Hyrningar). He orders them to be filled, blessed by the bishop and handed to the guests.

The Flat text reads:

Gestir skulu hornum      í gǫgn taka,
meðan hvílask ltum þenna       þegn Goðmundar,
ok af samnafna      sínum drekki;
svá skal Grímum      gótt ǫl gefask.

Prose order: Gestir skulu taka í gǫgn hornum, ok drekki af samnafna sínum, meðan ltum þenna þegn Goðmundar hvílask; svá skal gótt ǫl gefask Grímum. Translation: The guests shall take hold of the horns, and let them drink from their namesake, while we let this retainer of Guðmundr rest; thus shall good ale be served to the Grímar. Notes to Flat version: In l. 3, Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) omits meðan ‘while’, presumably on metrical grounds, though it is present in the 62 text and possibly in 54, where a slight crease obscures the reading. If it is left out the clause ltum þenna þegn Goðmundar hvílask in ll. 3-4 lacks a conj. and is hence intercalated, ‘let’s allow this retainer of Guðmundr to rest’. For the name Grímr in l. 7, see Notes to l. 7 below, and to Anon (Vǫlsa) 9/8. In l. 8 Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) prints (borit?) ‘carried’, alongside gefask ‘be served’, presumably in order to avoid alliteration on the last stressed syllable of the couplet. The following Notes concern the main Text above. — [1] einu ‘one [horn]’: An implied horni ‘(drinking-)horn’ (cf. LP: horn 2) is indicated by the context, the n. gender of einu, and the reading hornum (n. dat. pl.) ‘horns’ in Flat, l. 1.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Óláfr Tryggvason, Lausavísur 2: AI, 152, BI, 144-5, 682, Skald I, 79, NN §1954; ÓT 1958-2000, III, 41, Flat 1860-8, I, 361 (Helg).


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