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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Jór Send 1I

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 145.

Jórunn skáldmærSendibítr

text and translation

Bragningr réð í blóði
— beið herr konungs reiði —
— hús lutu opt fyr eisum —
óþjóðar slǫg rjóða.

Bragningr réð rjóða slǫg í blóði óþjóðar; herr beið reiði konungs; hús lutu opt fyr eisum.
‘The ruler reddened weapons in the blood of evil people; the army suffered the king’s anger; houses often collapsed because of fires.

notes and context

The helmingr is cited in the Skm section of SnE for its use of the word bragningr ‘ruler’, one example of the honorific titles (tignarnǫfn) derived from the names given to the descendants of the sons of the legendary king Hálfdan gamli ‘the Old’, in this case Bragi.

The C18th copy 744ˣ has been used in the Readings above where B is not legible. — Although the helmingr refers to burning of buildings and the anger of a king, it does not clearly match the prose narrative with which Send is associated (see Introduction), but rather seems to be a generic battle description. Kreutzer (1972, 93-4) takes it to be the first half of st. 3.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr 1: AI, 60, BI, 53, Skald I, 33, NN §§247, 303B; SnE 1848-87, I, 524, II, 344, 541, 608, SnE 1931, 184, SnE 1998, I, 103-4, 222.


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