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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gamlkan Has 35VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 35’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 103-4.

Gamli kanókiHarmsól
343536

Orð megu vǫnduð verða
víst aldrigi Kristi
— guðs an gǫrvallt œðri
gœzkufyldr — sem skyldi.
Sterk lofar drótt ok dýrkar
dagstalls konung snjallan;
himins es fylkir fremri
fróðr hvívetna góðu.

Orð megu víst aldrigi verða vǫnduð Kristi, sem skyldi; gœzkufyldr guðs œðri an gǫrvallt. Sterk drótt lofar ok dýrkar {snjallan konung {dagstalls}}; {fróðr fylkir himins} es fremri hvívetna góðu.

Words can surely never be as carefully chosen for Christ as they should be; grace-filled God is higher than everything. The mighty host praises and worships {the excellent king {of the day-support}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]; {the wise king of heaven} [= God] is superior to everything that is good.

Mss: B(13r), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [1] Orð: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘[...]rd’ B;    megu: ‘meg[...]’ B, mega 399a‑bˣ    [5] Sterk: ‘St[...]k’ B, ‘St(er)k’(?) 399a‑bˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 567, Skj BI, 557, Skald I, 270; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 24, Kempff 1867, 11, Rydberg 1907, 26, Black 1971, 229, Attwood 1996a, 230.

Notes: [1] megu ‘can’: B’s mega, as represented through 399a-bˣ, must be emended to give the correct form of the 3rd pers. pl. pres. indic. of this pret.-pres. verb. — [3-4] gœzkufyldr guðs ‘grace-filled God is’: Cf. Leið 17/3-4, where God is described as gœzkufimr ‘grace-skilled’. For the semantic field of gœzka, see Walter 1976, 69. — [5] sterk ‘strong, mighty’: B is badly worn, and only ‘St...k’ is legible. The reading here is supplied from the next occurrence of the second stef at fol. 13r, l. 19 (st. 40), where the word is written out in full. An obelos in the right margin at fol. 13r, l. 9 indicates the beginning of the poem’s second stef. — [6] konung dagstalls ‘king of the day-support [SKY/HEAVEN > = God]’: Cf. Mdr 24/3-4, where Mary is referred to as drotning dagstalls ‘queen of the day-support’, and the similar heaven-kenning hǫll dags ‘hall of day’, which occurs twice in characterisations of God in Leið: 15/5-8 (snjallr dróttinn dags hallar ‘wise lord of the day’s hall’) and 45/6 (gramr dags hallar ‘prince of the day’s hall’).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Attwood, Katrina. 1996a. ‘The Poems of MS AM 757a 4to: An Edition and Contextual Study’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Leeds.
  4. Black, Elizabeth L. 1971. ‘Harmsól: an edition’. B. Litt. thesis. University of Oxford.
  5. Rydberg, Hugo, ed. 1907. ‘Die geistlichen Drápur und Dróttkvættfragmente des Cod. AM 757 4to.’. Ph.D. thesis. University of Lund. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. Walter, Ernst. 1976. Lexikalisches Lehngut im Altwestnordischen. Untersuchungen zum Lehngut im ethisch-moralischen Wortschatz der frühen lateinisch-altwestnordischen Übersetzungsliteratur. Abhandlungen der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, Phil.-Hist. Kl. 66, 2. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
  7. Kempff, Hjalmar, ed. 1867. Kaniken Gamles ‘Harmsól’ (Sol i Sorgen): isländskt andligt qväde från medeltiden med öfversättning och förklaringar. Uppsala: Edquist & Berglund.
  8. Sveinbjörn Egilsson, ed. 1844. Fjøgur gømul kvæði. Boðsrit til að hlusta á þá opinberu yfirheyrslu í Bessastaða Skóla þann 22-29 mai 1844. Viðeyar Klaustri: prentuð af Helga Helgasyni, á kostnað Bessastaða Skóla. Bessastaðir: Helgi Helgason.
  9. Internal references
  10. Not published: do not cite (FrisII)
  11. Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 17’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 156.
  12. Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 24’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 498-9.
  13. Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Leiðarvísan’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 137-78.
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