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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ESk Frag 16III

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Einarr Skúlason, Fragments 16’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 166.

Einarr SkúlasonFragments


The half-stanza (ESk Frag 16) is transmitted in mss R (main ms.), , A and C of Skm (SnE), and the poet’s name is given as Einarr (no patronymic) in all mss. It describes an unspecified sea-voyage of a ruler, and Jón Sigurðsson (SnE 1848-87, III, 354) assigned it to Einarr’s panegyric about Sigurðr jórsalafari (ESk Sigdr III; see Introduction to Frag 2 above).

text and translation

Kaldr þvær marr und mildum
mart dægr viðu svarta
(grefr élsnúinn) jǫfri
(almsorg Manar þjalma).

Mart dægr þvær kaldr marr svarta viðu und mildum jǫfri; {almsorg} grefr {élsnúinn þjalma Manar}.
‘Many a day the cold sea cleanses the black timbers beneath the generous prince; the grief of the elm-tree [WIND] carves the storm-twisted enclosure of Man <island> [SEA].

notes and context

Marr is given among the many heiti for ‘sea’ in Skm.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Einarr Skúlason, 12. Ubestemmelige vers, tilhørende forskellige fyrstedigte eller lausavísur 16: AI, 482, BI, 454, Skald I, 223; SnE 1848-87, I, 496-7, II, 450, 599, III, 102, SnE 1931, 175, SnE 1998, I, 94.


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