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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 74VII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 74’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 348.

Anonymous PoemsSólarljóð
737475

Hávar reiðir        sá ek með himnum fara;
        þær eigu götur til guðs;
menn þeim stýra,        er myrðir eru
        alls fyrir öngvar sakir.

Ek sá hávar reiðir fara með himnum; þær eigu götur til guðs; menn stýra þeim, er eru myrðir fyrir alls öngvar sakir.

I saw tall wagons journeying along the heavens; they have paths to God; men drive them who are murdered for no cause [lit. causes] at all.

Mss: 166bˣ(48r), papp15ˣ(7r), 738ˣ(83r), 167b 6ˣ(4r), 214ˣ(152r), 1441ˣ(587), 10575ˣ(10v), 2797ˣ(237)

Readings: [1] Hávar: háir papp15ˣ, 1441ˣ;    reiðir: so papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 1441ˣ, reiðar 166bˣ, 214ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ    [2] ek: om. papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ    [3] eigu: so 1441ˣ, 2797ˣ, eiga 166bˣ, papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 10575ˣ;    götur: götu 738ˣ, 214ˣ    [4] menn: enn 214ˣ;    þeim: þeir 214ˣ    [5] er: sem papp15ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ;    myrðir: so papp15ˣ, 214ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, ‘mindir’ 166bˣ, ‘marder’ 738ˣ, ‘mirder’ corrected from ‘m[…]rder’ 167b 6ˣ, myrðtir 1441ˣ    [6] öngvar: öngvan 167b 6ˣ, ‘aungr’ 1441ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 639, Skj BI, 647, Skald I, 315; Bugge 1867, 368, Falk 1914, 45, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 21, Fidjestøl 1979, 70, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 98, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 80, 145.

Notes: [1] hávar reiðir ‘tall wagons’: Paasche (1948, 194) and Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 98) compare the flaming chariot which bears Elias to heaven in 2 Kings II.11. — [5-6] myrðir … fyrir alls öngvar sakir ‘murdered … for no cause at all’: A theme sounded earlier in the poem, e.g sts 1-7 and 20-4.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Fidjestøl, Bjarne, ed. 1979a. Sólarljóð: Tydning og Tolkningsgrunnlag. Nordisk Instituts skrifteserie 4. Bergen, Oslo and Tromsø: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. Björn Magnússon Ólsen, ed. 1915a. Sólarljóð: gefin út með skíringum og athugasemdum. Safn til sögu Íslands og íslenzkra bókmenta 5.1. Reykjavík: Prentsmiðja Gutenberg.
  5. Bugge, Sophus, ed. 1867. Norrœn fornkvæði. Islandsk samling af folkelige oldtidsdigte om nordens guder og heroer. Almindelig kaldet Sæmundar Edda hins frøda. Christiania (Oslo): Malling. Rpt. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget 1965.
  6. Falk, Hjalmar, ed. 1914a. Sólarljóð. Videnskapsselskapets skrifter II. Hist.-filos. kl. 7. 2 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  7. Njörður P. Njarðvik, ed. 1991. Sólarljóð. Útgáfa og umfjöllun. Íslensk Rit 10. Reykjavík: Bókmenntafræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands og Menningarsjóður.
  8. Njörður P. Njarðvik. 1993. Solsången. Akademisk avhandling för filosofiedoktorsexamen i nordiska språk. Göteborgs universitet: Institutionen för svensk språket.
  9. Paasche, Fredrik. 1948. Hedenskap og kristendom: Studier i norrøn middelalder. Oslo: Aschehoug.
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