skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Steinn Óldr 6II/4 — konungr ‘king’

Heldr, síz hári foldu
heiptbráðr jǫfurr náði,
— ætt þreifsk Egða dróttins —
ólaust konungr stóli.
Mætr hilmir verr malmi
— mank skjǫldungs lof — kǫldum
Rauma grund ok rǫndu.
Ríklundaðr veit undir.

Konungr heldr stóli ólaust, síz heiptbráðr jǫfurr náði hári foldu; ætt dróttins Egða þreifsk. Mætr hilmir verr grund Rauma kǫldum malmi ok rǫndu; mank lof skjǫldungs. Ríklundaðr veit undir….

The king holds the throne unwaveringly since the quick-tempered prince took possession of the lofty land; the family of the lord of the Egðir [NORWEGIAN KING = S. Óláfr] has prospered. The esteemed ruler defends the land of the Raumar [= Norway] with the cold metal and the shield; I recall the hero’s reputation. Proud-minded knows beneath [the sun]….

readings

[4] konungr: konungs Flat

notes

[4] konungr (m. nom. sg.) ‘king’: Skj B adopts the Flat reading konungs (m. gen. sg.) ‘the king’s’ as part of a cpd konungsstóli ‘throne’ (lit. ‘king’s seat’). That reading is not warranted by the majority of the ms. witnesses (see also NN §2530).

grammar

Masculine: gen. sing. -s; nom. pl. -ar/-jar

nom. pl. -ar nom. pl. -jar
sing. N
A
G
D
hestr
hest
hests
hesti
jǫkull
jǫkul
jǫkuls
jǫkli
jǫtunn
jǫtun
jǫtuns
jǫtni
ketill
ketil
ketils
katli
niðr
nið
niðs
nið
pl. N
A
G
D
hestar
hesta
hesta
hestum
jǫklar
jǫkla
jǫkla
jǫklum
jǫtnar
jǫtna
jǫtna
jǫtnum
katlar
katla
katla
kǫtlum
niðjar
niðja
niðja
niðjum
horse glacier giant kettle kinsman
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