skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Máni Lv 1II/1 — inn

Byr gef brátt, inn ǫrvi,
Bjǫrgynjar til mǫrgum
— þess biðjum vér — þjóðum,
þungstóls konungr sólar.
Angrar oss, þats lengi
útnyrðingr heldr fyrðum
— vindrs til seinn at sundi
sunnrœnn — í dys Unnar.

Inn ǫrvi konungr þungstóls sólar, gef brátt mǫrgum þjóðum byr til Bjǫrgynjar; vér biðjum þess. Angrar oss, þats útnyrðingr heldr fyrðum lengi í Unnardys; sunnrœnn vindrs til seinn at sundi.

Generous king of the heavy seat of the sun [SKY/HEAVEN > = God], give quickly many people fair wind to Bergen; we ask for that. It grieves us that the north-western wind keeps men long in Hummerdus; the southern wind is too slow [in coming] across the sea.

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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