skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Lil 29VII/7 — mun ‘will’

Heyrði og trúði, en undraz orðin
jungfrú kyrr, því vissi hun fyrri
aldri kvaddan mann á moldu
með þvílíkri tígnarkveðju.
Fyrirbjóðandi henni að hræðaz,
höfuðeingillinn talaði leingra:
‘Guð himnanna fram mun fæðaz,
frúin skínandi, af holdi þínu.’

Kyrr jungfrú heyrði og trúði, en undraz orðin, því hun vissi aldri fyrri mann á moldu kvaddan með þvílíkri tígnarkveðju. Höfuðeingillinn talaði leingra, fyrirbjóðandi henni að hræðaz: ‘Frúin skínandi, guð himnanna mun fæðaz fram af holdi þínu.’

The calm virgin listened and believed, but she was amazed at the words, because she knew that never before was anyone on earth addressed with such a majestic greeting. The archangel spoke further, forbidding her to be afraid: ‘Radiant woman, the God of the heavens [= God (= Christ)] will be brought forth from your flesh.’

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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