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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 73II/3 — kyn* ‘descendant’

Þat hefir ætt
jǫfra kyn*
alla prýdda
sás dǫgum optar
fremsk margnýtr,
Magnúss konungs.

Þat kyn* jǫfra hefir prýdda alla ætt Oddaverja, dótturson Magnúss konungs, sás fremsk margnýtr optar dǫgum.

That descendant of princes has graced the entire family of the Oddaverjar, the daughter’s son of King Magnús [= Jón], who excels, much-bountiful, more often than there are days.


[3] kyn*: kyns Flat


[3] kyn* (n. nom. sg.) ‘descendant, kin’: Kyns (n. gen. sg.; so Flat) has been emended to provide a subject for hefir prýdda ‘has graced’ (ll. 1, 4). Kock (NN §2122) retains the gen. and points to a similar construction in st. 37 above, but the two constructions are not parallel (see Note to st. 37/5). Skj B translates kyn jǫfra as ‘royal family’ (kongeslægt): Den kongeslægt har udmerket Oddemændenes hele slægt ‘That royal family has distinguished the entire family of the men from Oddi’. That interpretation forces the emendation of sás ‘who’ (l. 6) to ‘that’ (see below). Kyn can also mean ‘descendant’, however, (see Fritzner: kyn 4), and it is preferable to equate kyn here with dótturson ‘daughter’s son’ (i.e. Jón) (l. 5) (see NN §2122).



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