skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mv I 6VII/2 — hitt ‘that’

Vóx hræðilig huxan,
hitt, er allir kvitta,
myndar margvíss fjandi,
milli fólksins illa.
Sagði sveit, að lagðiz
seimkennandi að henni;
því mundi svá sendi
sax kunnum frú unna.

Hræðilig huxan vóx milli fólksins illa; hitt, er allir kvitta, myndar margvíss fjandi. Sveit sagði, að seimkennandi lagðiz að henni; því mundi frú unna kunnum sendi sax svá.

A terrible thought grew among the wicked people; that, which they all gossip about, a very crafty devil creates. The crowd said that the gold-tester [MAN] lay with her; [and] therefore [that] the lady must love the famous sender of the sword [WARRIOR] so much.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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