skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þfisk Lv 1II/5 — hitt

Ófúsa drók ýsu;
áttak fang við lǫngu;
vannk of hǫfði hennar
hlǫmm; vas þat fyr skǫmmu.
Þó mank hitt, es hrotta
hafðak gulli vafðan;
dúðum dǫrr í blóði,
drengr; vas þat fyr lengra.

Drók ófúsa ýsu; áttak fang við lǫngu; vannk hlǫmm of hǫfði hennar; þat vas fyr skǫmmu. Þó mank hitt, es hafðak gulli vafðan hrotta; dúðum dǫrr í blóði, drengr; þat vas fyr lengra.

I pulled up the reluctant haddock; I wrestled with the ling; I exulted above its head; that was recently. Yet I recall when I owned the gold-wrapped sword; we shook spears in blood, warrior; that was longer ago.

readings

[5] Þó mank hitt es hrotta (‘þo man ec hitt er hrotta’): ‘gíorr’ F

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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