skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Víkv 8I/2 — inn ‘the’

Veitk, at víga mœtir
Vinðum háttr inn átta
— styrkr gekk vǫrðr at virki
verðungar — styr gerði.
Sinn môttut bœ banna
borg Kantara — sorgar
mart fekksk prúðum Pǫrtum —
portgreifar Ôleifi.

Veitk, at mœtir víga, háttr Vinðum, gerði inn átta styr; styrkr vǫrðr verðungar gekk at virki. Portgreifar môttut banna Ôleifi bœ sinn, Kantaraborg; mart sorgar fekksk prúðum Pǫrtum.

I know that the meeter of battles [WARRIOR], dangerous to Wends, held the eighth battle; the strong guardian of the troop [RULER] advanced against the fortification. The townreeves were not able to ban Óláfr from their city, Canterbury; much sorrow was caused for the proud Partar.

readings

[2] inn: enn Holm2, 68, en R686ˣ, 325VI, 75c, Bb, it 61, DG8, ek FskBˣ

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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