skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞGísl Búdr 10I/3 — it ‘The’

Ǫrum réð sér snǫrpum
— slíkt es raun gǫrpum —
flagð it forljóta
af fingrum skjóta.
Gerðisk grimmt fíkjum
at gumnum ríkjum
— gnýr vas hôr hlífa —
hregg ok loptdrífa.

It forljóta flagð réð skjóta snǫrpum ǫrum af fingrum sér; slíkt es raun gǫrpum. Fíkjum grimmt hregg ok loptdrífa gerðisk at ríkjum gumnum; gnýr hlífa vas hôr.

The very ugly troll-woman shot sharp arrows from her fingers; such is a trial for brave men. An extremely savage storm and sky-blizzard arose against the mighty men; the clash of shields [BATTLE] was loud.

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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