skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Magndr 2II/1 — inn ‘The’

Þing bauð út inn ungi
eggrjóðandi þjóðum;
fim bar hirð til hǫmlu
hervæðr ara bræðis.
Salt skar húfi héltum
hraustr þjóðkonungr austan;
bôru brimlogs rýri
brún veðr at Sigtúnum.

Inn ungi eggrjóðandi bauð þjóðum út þing; fim hirð bræðis ara bar hervæðr til hǫmlu. Hraustr þjóðkonungr skar salt héltum húfi austan; brún veðr bôru rýri brimlogs at Sigtúnum.

The young blade-reddener [WARRIOR] summoned men to the assembly; lively, the troop of the feeder of the eagle [WARRIOR] went in war-garb [ARMOUR] to the rowing positions. The valiant mighty king clove the salt with rime-spread hull from the east; sharp gales bore the diminisher of surf-fire [GOLD > GENEROUS MAN] towards Sigtuna (Sigtúnir).

kennings

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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