skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Har 6II/8 — in ‘the’

Hléseyjar lemr hôvan
hryngarð konungr barði;
neytir þá til þrautar
þengill snekkju strengja.
Eigis jarni bjúgu
indæll skaði lindis;
gnegr af gaddi digrum
grjót ok veðr in ljótu.

Konungr lemr hôvan hryngarð Hléseyjar barði; þengill neytir þá strengja snekkju til þrautar. Eigis skaði lindis indæll bjúgu jarni; grjót ok in ljótu veðr gnegr af digrum gaddi.

The king strikes the high roaring enclosure of Læsø [SEA] with the prow; the prince then uses the warship’s cables to the limit. Not at all is the harmer of the lime-tree [WIND] easy on the curved iron [anchor]; rocks and the foul weather gnaw at the stout anchor-fluke.

readings

[8] veðr in: viðri F

grammar

Pronouns and determiners: Definite article

The definite article is normally suffixed to nouns, except in some cases where it is used with an adjective. If the noun form ends in a vowel, the 'i' in the article is dropped. If the noun form ends in 'um', the 'm' and 'i' are both dropped. E.g. hesta (acc. pl.) > hestana (acc. pl. definite); hestum (dat. pl.) > hestunum (dat. pl. definite)

masc.fem.neut.
sing. N
A
G
D
inn
inn
ins
inum
in
ina
innar
inni
it
it
ins
inu
pl. N
A
G
D
inir
ina
inna
inum
inar
inar
inna
inum
in
in
inna
inum
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