skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr Óldr 6I/7 — tjǫrva ‘spears’

Gerði seims (með sverði)
sverðleik í Mǫn skerðir
(eyddi ulfa greddir
ógnblíðr Skotum víða).
Ýdrógar lét œgir
eyverskan her deyja
— Týr vas tjǫrva dýrra
tírargjarn — ok Íra.

Skerðir seims gerði sverðleik í Mǫn; ógnblíðr greddir ulfa eyddi Skotum víða með sverði. Œgir ýdrógar lét eyverskan her ok Íra deyja; Týr dýrra tjǫrva vas tírargjarn.

The diminisher of gold [GENEROUS MAN] made sword-sport [BATTLE] in Man; the battle-glad feeder of wolves [WARRIOR] destroyed the Scots widely with the sword. The terrifier of the bow-string [WARRIOR] caused the army from the Isles and the Irish to die; the Týr <god> of precious spears [WARRIOR] was eager for glory.

readings

[7] tjǫrva: tjǫrvar FskBˣ, FskAˣ

notes

[7] tjǫrva dýrra ‘of precious spears’: Tjǫr ‘spear’ is rare and not entirely secure (see LP: 2. tjǫr), and it is puzzling that the reading dýrra appears only in 53, against a significant consensus in favour of dýra. Storm (MHN 113, n. 19) assumed Tjǫrvi to be an unrecorded sea-king heiti which would produce dýr Tjǫrva ‘Tjǫrvi’s animals [SHIPS]’ here.

kennings

grammar

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