skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigv Austv 14I/5 — Skyldit ‘should not’

Drjúggenginn vas drengjum
— drengr magnar lof þengils —
austr til jǫfra þrýstis
Eiðaskógr á leiðu.
Skyldit mér, áðr mildan
minn dróttin komk finna,
hlunns af hilmis runnum
hnekkt dýrloga bekkjar.

Eiðaskógr vas drjúggenginn drengjum á leiðu austr til þrýstis jǫfra; drengr magnar lof þengils. Skyldit mér hnekkt af runnum dýrloga bekkjar hlunns hilmis, áðr komk finna mildan dróttin minn.

Eidskogen was a long slog for the good fellows on the way east to the compeller of princes [RULER = Rǫgnvaldr]; the good fellow [I] strengthens the praise of the lord. I should not have been driven off by the bushes of the precious flame of the bench of the launcher [SEA > GOLD > MEN] of the ruler before I arrived to find my generous lord.

readings

[5] Skyldit: skyldik 972ˣ, seldir 61, ‘skvlldit’ Bb

grammar

Verbs: Preterite-present verbs

The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.

eigamegakunnaskulumunumuna
indic.
pres.
sing.


pl.
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
2nd
3rd
á
átt
á
eigum
eiguð
eigu

mátt

megum
meguð
megu
kann
kannt
kann
kunnum
kunnuð
kunnu
skal
skalt
skal
skulum
skuluð
skulu
mun
munt
mun
munum
munuð
munu
man
mant
man
munum
munið
muna
indic. past stem
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem
átt-
eig-
ætt-
mátt-
meg-
mætt-
kunn-
kunn-
kynn-
skyld-
skyl-
skyld-
mund-
myn-
mynd-
mund-
mun-
mynd-
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