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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Nkt 38II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Poems, Nóregs konungatal 38’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 785-6.

Anonymous PoemsNóregs konungatal

Þats mér sagt,
at Sigurðr hrísi
Haralds sonr
héti forðum.
Vas Halfdan
Hrísa arfi
en Sigurðr sýrr
sonr Halfdanar.

Þats mér sagt, at sonr Haralds héti Sigurðr hrísi forðum. Halfdan vas arfi Hrísa, en Sigurðr sýrr sonr Halfdanar.

That has been told me that Haraldr’s son was called Sigurðr hrísi (‘Illegitimate’) in olden times. Hálfdan was the heir of Hrísi, and Sigurðr sýrr (‘Sow’) [was] the son of Hálfdan.

Mss: Flat(144va-b)

Readings: [8] sonr: son Flat

Editions: Skj AI, 584, Skj BI, 582, Skald I, 283; Flat 1860-8, II, 524.

Notes: [All]: The wording of this st. corresponds closely to the prose of Mork (1928-32, 56): Ætt Haralldz er su so᷎gd ath verid hafe at Haralldr harfagre atti son þann er kalladr var Sigurdr hrise. han var fadir Haldanar fodr Sigurdar syrs fodr Haralldz ‘The genealogy of Haraldr is said to have been such, that Haraldr hárfagri had a son who was called Sigurðr hrísi. He was the father of Hálfdan, the father of Sigurðr sýrr, the father of Haraldr’. Cf. also HN (MHN 109-10): Sigwardus risi (id est gigas), filius Haraldi comati genuit Halfdanum patrem istius Sigwardi ‘Sigurðr risi (that is ‘Giant’), the son of Haraldr ‘the Long-haired’, begot Hálfdan the father of this Sigurðr’. — [2] Sigurðr hrísi ‘Sigurðr hrísi (“Illegitimate”)’: He was the son of Haraldr hárfagri and Snæfríðr (see Genealogy II.2.f in ÍF 28). — [7] sýrr (m. nom. sg.) ‘(“Sow”)’: The ms. uses the m. form rather than the more customary f. form (sýr) of Sigurðr’s nickname. — [8] sonr ‘[was] the son’: The m. nom. sg. ending is necessary from a grammatical point of view (this is not a cpd; see ANG §395.1).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. ANG = Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altnordische Grammatik I: Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter Berücksichtigung des Urnordischen. 4th edn. Halle: Niemeyer. 1st edn. 1884. 5th unrev. edn. 1970. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  4. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  5. MHN = Storm, Gustav, ed. 1880. Monumenta historica Norvegiæ: Latinske kildeskrifter til Norges historie i middelalderen. Kristiania (Oslo): Brøgger. Rpt. 1973. Oslo: Aas & Wahl.
  6. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  7. HN = Historia Norwegiæ. In MHN 69-124.
  8. Internal references
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

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