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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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ÞjóðA Magn 1II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Þjóðólfr Arnórsson, Stanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 88-9.

Þjóðólfr ArnórssonStanzas about Magnús Óláfsson in Danaveldi

Hrauð Ôleifs mǫgr áðan
— jǫfurr vá sigr — ins digra
(fregnat slíkt ór Sogni)
sjau skip (konur hnipnar).

{Mǫgr Ôleifs ins digra} hrauð áðan sjau skip; jǫfurr vá sigr; konur ór Sogni fregnat slíkt hnipnar.

{The son of Óláfr inn digri (‘the Stout’)} [= Magnús] had previously cleared seven ships; the ruler won victory; women from Sogn will not receive such news with sorrow.

Mss: (514v), 39(17ra), F(40vb), E(8v), J2ˣ(252v) (Hkr); H(11v), Hr(10va) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] Hrauð: so E, J2ˣ, Rauð Kˣ, 39, F, H, Hr;    mǫgr: ‘[…]’ 39    [2] ins: en E    [4] hnipnar: ‘nipnar’ 39, ‘híupar’ E

Editions: Skj AI, 364-5, Skj BI, 335, Skald I, 169; Hkr 1893-1901, III, 57, IV, 198, ÍF 28, 51, Hkr 1991, 590 (Mgóð ch. 30), F 1871, 186, E 1916, 28; Fms 6, 79 (Mgóð ch. 38), Fms 12, 135.

Context: Within the narrative of the sea-battle off Århus (Áróss), the st. is cited as evidence that Magnús seized seven ships from Sveinn’s troops.

Notes: [1] Ôleifs ins digra ‘of Óláfr inn digri (“the Stout”)’: King Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr), d. 29 July 1030. — [3] ór Sogni ‘from Sogn’: The area around Sognefjorden, south-western Norway. The phrase could qualify konur ‘women’, as assumed here, or fregnat ‘will not receive news’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. ÍF 26-8 = Heimskringla. Ed. Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson. 1941-51.
  5. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. Hkr 1991 = Bergljót S. Kristjánsdóttir et al., eds. 1991. Heimskringla. 3 vols. Reykjavík: Mál og menning.
  7. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  8. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.

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