Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Anon Pét 24VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 24’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 817.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa

Bar Jónam guð greinir
góðan Símón þjóðum;
nafn skýrir ‘berg skærast’
skýrt ritningar vitni.
Yfir það berg til bjarga
blíðr kva*z mundu smíða
kristni kennir fastra
Kristr hermargra lista.

Guð greinir þjóðum Símón Bar Jónam góðan; skýrt vitni ritningar skýrir nafn ‘berg skærast’. Yfir það berg kva*z Kristr, blíðr kennir fastra lista, mundu smíða kristni til bjarga hermargra.

God explains to nations that Simon Bar-Jona is good; the clear testimony of scripture interprets his name as ‘purest rock’. Upon that rock, Christ, the joyful teacher of steadfast virtues, said that he would build Christianity for the salvation of very many.

Mss: 621(58v)

Readings: [4] skýrt: ‘skyr’ 621    [6] kva*z: ‘kuaudz’ 621    [7] kennir: ‘kennj’ 621;    fastra: fastna 621

Editions: Skj AII, 504, Skj BII, 550-1, Skald II, 302, NN §1725; Kahle 1898, 83, 110.

Notes: [1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes. — [3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.) — [4] skýrt ‘clear’: Ms. ‘skyr’, emended to agree with vitni (l. 4) (n. nom. sg.) — [7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Kahle, Bernhard, ed. 1898. Isländische geistliche Dichtungen des ausgehenden Mittelalters. Heidelberg: Winter.
  6. Internal references
  7. Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 20’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 158-9.

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.