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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Pét 24VII

David McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Pétrsdrápa 24’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 817.

Anonymous PoemsPétrsdrápa
232425

Bar ‘Bar’

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

Jónam ‘Jona’

Jonas (noun m.): [Jona]

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

guð ‘God’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

greinir ‘explains’

greina (verb): explain, divide

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

góðan ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

Símón ‘Simon’

Símón (noun m.): [Simon, Símon]

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

þjóðum ‘to nations’

þjóð (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -/-u; -ir): people

notes

[1-2]: Cf. Matt. XVI.17: beatus es Simon Bar Iona ‘blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona’; Pétr 6/6-7: Sæll ertu, Simon Jonsson ‘Blessed art thou, Simon son of John’; sts 11/1, 25/1 and Notes.

Close

nafn ‘name’

nafn (noun n.; °-s; *-): name

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

skýrir ‘interprets’

1. skýra (verb): explain, interpret

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

berg ‘rock’

berg (noun n.; °-s; -): rock, cliff

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

skærast ‘purest’

1. skærr (adj.): pure, bright

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

skýrt ‘the clear’

skýrr (adj.): clear

[4] skýrt: ‘skyr’ 621

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.) — [4] skýrt ‘clear’: Ms. ‘skyr’, emended to agree with vitni (l. 4) (n. nom. sg.)

Close

skýrt ‘the clear’

skýrr (adj.): clear

[4] skýrt: ‘skyr’ 621

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.) — [4] skýrt ‘clear’: Ms. ‘skyr’, emended to agree with vitni (l. 4) (n. nom. sg.)

Close

ritningar ‘of scripture’

ritning (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ar): writing, scripture

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

vitni ‘testimony’

2. vitni (noun n.; °-s; -): witness

notes

[3-4]: Cf. Matt. XVI.18: ego dico tibi quia tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam ‘I say to thee that thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church’; Pétr 6/9-11: ek segi þer, at þu ert steinn, ok yfir þann steinn mun ek smiða mina kristni ‘I say to you that you are a rock, and over that rock I will build my Christianity’. (See st. 32/5-6 and Note.)

Close

kva*z ‘said’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

[6] kva*z: ‘kuaudz’ 621

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smíða ‘build’

smíða (verb): craft

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kristni ‘Christianity’

kristni (noun f.; °-/-s(Ágr 26¹²)): Christianity

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

Close

kennir ‘teacher’

kennir (noun m.): teacher

[7] kennir: ‘kennj’ 621

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

Close

fastra ‘of steadfast’

fastr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): firm, fast

[7] fastra: fastna 621

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

Close

her ‘of very’

herr (noun m.; °-s/-jar, dat. -; -jar, gen. -ja/herra): army, host < hermargr (adj.): a great deal

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

Close

margra ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many < hermargr (adj.): a great deal

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

Close

lista ‘virtues’

list (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): skill, art, virtue

notes

[7-8]: Both Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) and Kock (Skald) emend ms. ‘kennj’ to nom. sg. kennir, which they take in apposition with Kristr. Finnur emends ms. ‘fastna’ to fasta to agree with kristni (f. acc. sg.), and reads (ll. 6-7): kvaz mundu smíða kristni ... fasta ‘said that he would build a firm Christianity’. Kock (NN §1725) argues that the ms. form is more likely the product of confusion of <r> and <n>, and emends to fastra (gen. pl.), which he construes with kennir ... lista ‘teacher of firm skills’. Both Finnur and Kock take hermargra with lista (‘of very many skills’). With the reading adopted here, til bjarga ... hermargra ‘for the salvation of very many’ (ll. 6-8), cf., e.g., Leið 20/8: margri þjóð til bjargar ‘as a help to many a people’.

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