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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Mdr 31VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Máríudrápa 31’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 503-4.

Anonymous PoemsMáríudrápa

text and translation

Upp nam þú hjálp með höppum
háva dýrð og áve,
ást vár og kær Kristi,
kunn af Gabríels munni.
Í friði guðs góðum
grundvöllr ertu sprunda
nafn skiptandi †að nafni
… f† Éva †funnið†.

Þú, ást vár og kær Kristi, nam upp hjálp með höppum, háva dýrð og áve, kunn af Gabríels munni. Í góðum friði guðs ertu grundvöllr sprunda, skiptandi nafn Éva †að nafni …f funnið†.
‘You, our beloved and dear to Christ, took up help with good fortune, high glory and the Ave, known from Gabriel’s mouth. In God’s good peace, you are the foundation of women, changing the name Eva …

notes and context

[1-4]: This helmingr translates and expands the first two ll. of the second verse of Ave maris stella: Sumens illud ave / Gabrielis ore ‘taking up that Ave (‘Hail’) from Gabriel’s mouth’, a reference to Gabriel’s salutation of Mary at the Annunciation, related in Luke I.28. As Schottmann remarks (1973, 67 n. 5), both Kock (NN §3353) and the Skj translation completely misunderstand that nam upp must refer to all three noun objects of the cl. Elsewhere Kock (NN §2856) suggests that háva dýrð og áve ‘high glory and the Ave’ should be taken as vocative, in apposition to ást vár og kær Kristi ‘our beloved and dear to Christ’ (l. 3), but this is clearly wrong in light of the Lat. text. — [5-8]: These ll. should correspond to ll. 3-4 of the second verse of Ave maris stella: funda nos in pace, / mutans nomen Evae ‘establish us in peace, changing the name of Eve’, the last l. being a reference to Mary as the antitype of Eve, signalled by the spelling inversion of Eva as Ave. Lines 7-8 of the Icel. text clearly attempt a rendition of mutans nomen Evae, but B is so defective that it is impossible to see exactly what the poet intended, though this did not stop Kock (NN §§2856, 2676) from somewhat fanciful speculation.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 1]. En drape om jomfru Maria (Máríudrápa) 31: AII, 469-70, BII, 503, Skald II, 275, NN §§2676, 2856, 2983, 2997A, 3353; Rydberg 1907, 38, 57, Attwood 1996a, 110, 311.


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