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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Leið 33VII

Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 33’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 170.

Anonymous PoemsLeiðarvísan

text and translation

Gefr, sás ǫllum efri,
ǫðlingr salar rǫðla
— goð magnar þrif þegna —
þjóðum allt it góða.
Gramr skóp hauðr ok himna
hreggranns sem kyn seggja;
einns salkonungr sólar
snjallr hjalpari allra.

{Ǫðlingr {salar rǫðla}}, sás efri ǫllum, gefr þjóðum allt it góða; goð magnar þrif þegna. {Gramr {hreggranns}} skóp hauðr ok himna sem kyn seggja; {snjallr {sólar sal}konungr} [e]s einn hjalpari allra.
‘The prince of the hall of heavenly bodies [SKY/HEAVEN > = God], who is higher than all, gives to people all that is good — God strengthens the prosperity of his servants. The king of the storm-house [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] made land and skies as well as the race of men; the excellent king of the hall of the sun [(lit. ‘hall-king of the sun’) HEAVEN > = God] is alone the helper of all.

notes and context

[5-8]: The third and final iteration of the second refrain, with which the stefjabálkr of Leið concludes. B marks the stef with an obelos in the right-hand margin.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G [2]. Leiðarvísan 33: AI, 624, BI, 630, Skald I, 306; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 66, Rydberg 1907, 9, Attwood 1996a, 68-9, 179.


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