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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Runhenda — ESk RunII

Einarr Skúlason

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-9.

 

The remnants of this poem in runhent metre, Runhenda (ESk Run; see SnSt Ht 85III, SnE 1999, 35), commemorate the life of Eysteinn Haraldsson (d. 1157) from his arrival in Norway in 1142 to his raids in England and Scotland in 1151. The sts are attributed to Einarr in all prose versions, but the name of the poem is a modern construct. The order of sts is unproblematic and follows the sequence of events described (see Fidjestøl 1982, 154-5). All but two sts (sts 4, 10) are preserved in Mork (Mork). Stanzas 2-3, 4-9 survive in Hr and the mss of HsonaHkr (, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ), sts 2-3, 5-6 and 8 in H, and sts 4, 6/1-2, 7/3-4 and 8 are also included in mss R, , U (not st. 8), A, B, C of SnE (Skm). Because B is now barely legible, 744ˣ (AM 744 4°ˣ), an early C18th copy of that ms. by Jón Ólafsson, has also been considered selectively. Mork contains the most sts, and it is the main ms.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fidjestøl, Bjarne. 1982. Det norrøne fyrstediktet. Universitet i Bergen Nordisk institutts skriftserie 11. Øvre Ervik: Alvheim & Eide.
  3. SnE 1999 = Snorri Sturluson. 1999. Edda: Háttatal. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. Rpt. with addenda and corrigenda. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. Internal references
  5. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  6. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  7. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  8. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 85’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1196.
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

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